Design History 01

niganeco's version from 2017-01-12 00:44


Question Answer
"On the International Results of the Exhibition of 1851"Henry Cole, 1852, chief organizer of the Great Exhibition in England in "The Crystal Palace." -examples of good design -first greeting cards -design in the world
"The Nature of Gothic"John Ruskin, 1853, Gothic revival - workers need freedom and dignity, found in the imperfections of ornament -Victorian Britain sucks and everyone's a slave -foundation for arts and crafts movement -everything that is good must be imperfect
"The Capitalist Character of Manufacture"Karl Marx, 1867, the machine only furthers the workers as slaves working to the will of the "master"
"The Lesser Arts"William Morris, 1877, socialism, arts and crafts movement- reasonably prices, well-designed stuff for homes by skilled craftsmen, influenced by john ruskin- sham work is hurtful to everyone - the world should be perfect and beautiful
"Principles of Decorative Design"Christopher Dresser, 1873, aesthetic movement, anglo-japanese, plants, botanist, natural motifs, promoted machine production and functionalism, exposed joints and rivits
"Decorative and Applied Art"Candace Wheeler, 1893, american woman designer, worked with tiffany, helped woman into the design field by exploiting feminized fields like needlepoint and domestic design
"A Chapter on Design and Construction of Modern Furniture"Henry van der Velde, 1897, Belgian, innovator of art nouveau, promoted mass production
"Ornament and Crime"Adolf Loos, 1910, functionalism, ornament is crime, evolution = loss of ornament, achitect
"The Art And Craft of the Machine"Frank Lloyd Wright, 1901, american perspective, the machine is beautiful, made prairie houses
"The Principles of Scientific Management"Frederick Winslow Taylor, 1911, the guy who worked to perfect the movement of workers, nothing unnecessary, taylorism
"Machinery, the new Messiah"Henry Ford, 1928, believed in perfect union of man and machine and a morality of workers, "good" workers get payed more
Édouard Muller, The Vices and the Virtues central panel of the Garden of Armida (block-printed wallpaper) (c. 1855) Rococo Revival
Wedgwood Queensware plates (tureen, bowl, covered dish) (c. 1780) Using mass-production to make cheap products that look handmade
Linked armchairs (c. 1865) Rococo Revival
Vincent Figgins, six lines pica no. 1 (fat face) (1821) Beginning of print in the public, used to attract attention
Vincent Figgins, two-line great primer sans-serif (1830) Beginning of print in the public, used to be legible
J. Paxton, Crystal Palace (1851) Where the Great Exhibition was held, meant to show off "good design" and make the gothic revival look silly and useless
Philip Webb, The Morris Adjustable Chair (1866) Arts and Crafts movement, making the home a comfortable place for lounging
W. Morris, Pimpernel Wallpaper Design, block-printed (1876) bringing nature and craft into the home
W. Morris, The Green Dining Room (1866)
W. Morris, The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer (1896) Every page is considered and designed, woodblock printing
Shaker Ladderback Chair (1830-1870) arts and crafts movement, functional, with no embellishment, function is close to beauty and godliness, meant to hang on wall
Edward William Godwin, Aesthetic movement, Ebonized Buffet (c. 1867) influenced by japanese work
J.M. Whistler, Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room (1876) Aesthetic Movement, art for arts sake, beauty and embellishment
C. Dresser, Leaves and Flowers from Nature (from the Grammar of Ornament) (1856) Aesthetic Movement
C. Dresser, Silver Plate Designs (c. 1879) Aesthetic Movement
L.C. Tiffany, “Waterlily” table lamp (1904-15) Aesthetic Movement (US) Made electricity less scary, used cheap left over glass, put together by workers
L.C. Tiffany, Glass Flasks (c. 1885) Aesthetic Movement (US) Influenced by vases from the middle east, where tiffany traveled.
H. van de Velde, candelabrum (1902) Art Nouveau, Belgium, the line
H. van de Velde, poster for Tropon, color lithograph (1896) Art Nouveau, belgium, advertisement for eggs, Gesamtkunstwerk
Émile Gallé, Waterlilies Vase (c. 1901) French Art Nouveau, wanted to blur lines between art forms, often using literature in his works, wanted art to have no boundaries
H. Guimard, Paris Metro Entrance (1900) Art Nouveau, France. Brought art nouveau to a public space
H. Toulouse-Lautrec, Moulin Rouge-La Goulue, color lithogrpahy (1898) Art Nouveau, France, advertisement for moulin rouge, poster for public display
A. Mucha, poster of Sarah Bernhardt in Gismonda (1895) Art Nouveau, France, advertisement for a play
C.R. Mackintosh, Glasgow School of Art (c. 1898) Art Nouveau, integrated art nouveau with traditional scottish atheistic. Women where a big part of this school
C.R. Mackintosh, design for mural decoration, Art Nouveau (Scotland) Buchanan Street tearoom (1896-7)
G. Klimt, The Embrace (c. 1905-9) Art Nouveau, influencial to art nouveau designers
J. Hoffman, Skyscraper Basket (c. 1905) art nouveau
K. Moser, Lady’s Writing Desk (1903) Austrian Art Nouveau.
F.L. Wright, Ward Willits’ House (1900-1902) Prairie school movement, but of arts and crafts movement (harmony in the home) but liked machines, meant to neutralize the gendered rooms of the house and bring the family together in a natural, casual way.
F.L. Wright, Dining room furniture (1900) Prairie school movement, but of arts and crafts movement (harmony in the home) but liked machines, meant to neutralize the gendered rooms of the house and bring the family together in a natural, casual way.
Thonet Chair (1836-40) Used steam to bend wood
Model T Ford (1908) American Manufacture and Fordism, assembly lines, things made in parts, standardization
Singer Sewing Machine (c. 1865) American Manufacture, Made making clothes way easier, began the standardization of sizes
Catalogue page, clock department, Montgomery Ward catalogue (1895) American Manufacture, the beginning of mailing production to consumers, standardization with some changes
R. Riemerschmid, Cutlery (1911-12) German Manufacture, German Werkbund form follows function
R. Riemerschmid, Kitchen ensemble (1905) German Manufacture, German Werkbund form follows function, everthing has its place
P. Behrens, Water Kettle (1909) German Manufacture, German Werkbund, its electric! efficiency
P. Behrens, Turbine Hall (1909) German Manufacture, German Werkbund, designed the building and logo together, giving the company a cohesive look. branding!