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Delhi Sultanate - overview

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santhoshv339's version from 2017-01-28 16:44

Administration of Delhi Sultanate

Question Answer
Sultans considered themselves as representatives of ?the Caliph ,They included the name of the Caliph in thekhutba or prayer and inscribed it on their coins - Although Balban called himself the shadow of God, he continued to practice of including the name of Caliph in the khutba and coins
Who obtainedmansur or letter of permission from the Caliph ?Iltutmish, Muhammad bin Tughlaq and Firoz Tughlaq
What was succession rules during Delhi Sultanate ?There was no clear law of succession during this period. All the sons had equal claim to the throne,ulemas played crucial role in accepting the succession to the throne - However, the military superiority remained the main factor in matters of succession
Which post was most powerful and enjoyed all the powers of the Sultan and exercised general control over all the departments ?Naib
Who headed the finance department and what was it called?Wazir Diwani Wizarat
Which sultan first setup a military department ?Balban Diwani Ariz
What was the military department called ?Diwani Ariz
Who headed the military department ?Ariz-i-mumalik
Who was the commander-in-chief of the army ?Sultan
Who introduced branding of the horses and payment of salary in cash ?Alauddin Khalji
What was the department of religious affairs called ?Diwani Rasalat\
The department of religious affairs was headed by ?Sadr - Grants were made by this department for the construction and maintenance of mosques, tombs and madrasas
Who was the gte head of the judicial department ?Qazi
Which law was practiced for Civil cases ?Muslim personal law or sharia
How were the Hindus governed ?by their own personal law and their cases were dispensed by the village panchayats
Which law was practised for criminal cases ?rules and regulations made by the Sultans
What was the department of correspondence called ?Diwani Insha - correspondence between the ruler and the officials
memorize

Local Administration

Question Answer
provinces under the Delhi Sultanate were called ?iqtas
Governors of the provinces were called ?muqtis or walis (maintain law and order and collect the land revenue)
The provinces were divided into ?shiqs
Shiqs were divided in to ?pargana
shiq was under the control of?shiqdar
Number of villages were under the control of ?Pargana
pargana comprising a number of villages was headed by ?amil
village headman was known as ?muqaddam or chaudhri
The village accountant was called ?patwari
memorize

Economy

Question Answer
What were the three categories of land ?iqta, Khalisa and inam
What was iqta?lands assigned to officials asiqtas instead of payment for their services
What was Khalisa ?land under the direct control of the Sultan and the revenues collected were spent for the maintenance of royal court and royal household
What was inam ?land assigned or granted to religious leaders or religious institutions
Sultans encouraged the farmers to cultivate superior crop like wheat instead of ?barley
horticulture was given impetus by ?Firoz
Muhammad bin Tughlaq created a separate agricultural department called ?Diwani Kohi
Overseas trade was under the control of ?Multanis and Afghan Muslims
Inland trade was dominated by ? Gujarat Marwari merchants and Muslim Bohra merchants
What were the or rest houses on the highways maintained for the convenience of the travelers called ?Sarais
Who issued Silver tankas ?Iltutmish
One silver tanka was divided into 48 jitals during ?Khalji rule
One silver tanka was divided into 50 jitals during ?Tughlaq rule
Gold coins ordinars became popular during the reign of ?Alauddin Khalji after his South Indian conquests
memorize

Literature

Question Answer
Tarikhi-Firoz ShahiBarani contains the history of Tughlaq dynasty
Tabaqat-iNasariMinhaj-us-Siraj general history of Muslim dynasties up to 1260
Who created new style of Persian poetry calledSabaqi-Hind or the Indian styleAmir Khusrao
Khazain-ul-FutuhAmir Khusrau- Alauddin’s conquests
Tughlaq NamaAmir Khusrau- deals with the rise of Ghyiasuddin Tughlaq
Who was the first to translate Sanskrit stories into Persian ?Zia Nakshabi
Which book became popular and translated into Turkish and later into many European language ?Tutu Nama or Book of the Parrot
Rajatarangini Kalhana belonged to the period of Zain-ul-Abidin, the ruler of Kashmir
Kitab-ul-HindiAlberuni arabic
Who patronized the translation of Mahabaratha into Bengali ?Nusrat Shah
memorize