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Defining the Morpheme

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gemmalesley's version from 2017-05-13 10:30

Section

Question Answer
Derivational morphemesinvolved in word formation; -er, -ness
Inflectional morphemesattaches to convey grammatical info; plurals, past tense, etc
Allomorphmore than one realisation (morph)
Regular alternantfollows normal plural rules etc, bag -> bags
Irregular alternantwords that don't follow normal plurals etc; ox -> oxen
Empty morphno change; sheep -> sheep
Substitute morphssound or lexical substitution
Sound substitutionman -> men
Lexical substitutiongood -> best
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