What are the 6 major perspectives that are used to understand psychological disorders?
Medical, Psychoanalytic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic, and Sociocultural
What is the medical perspective?
the perspective that suggests that when an individual displays symptoms of abnormal behavior, the root cause will be found in a physical examination of the individual, which may reveal a hormonal imbalance, a chemical deficiency, or a brain injury
What is the psychoanalytic perspective?
the perspective that suggests that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression
What is the behavioral perspective?
The perspective that looks at the behavior itself as the problem
What is the cognitive perspective?
the perspective that suggests that people's thoughts and beliefs are a central component of abnormal behavior
What is the humanistic perspective?
the perspective that emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when such behavior is abnormal
What is the sociocultural perspective?
the perspective that assumes that people's behavior- both normal and abnormal- is shaped by the kind of family group, society, and culture in which they live