Defining Abnormality

tbateman2's version from 2015-11-12 23:22

Section 1

Question Answer
What is abnormality as deviation from the average?Observe what behaviors are rare or occur infrequently in a specific society or culture and label those deviations from the norm "abnormal"
What is abnormality as deviation from the ideal?Considers behavior abnormal if it deviates enough from some kind of ideal or cultural standard
What is abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort?Behavior is considered abnormal if it produces a sense of personal distress, anxiety, or guilt in an individual-or if it is harmful to others in some way.
What is abnormality as the inability to function effectively? People who are unable to function effectively and to adapt to the demands of society are considered abnormal.
What is abnormality as a legal concept?To the judicial system, the distinction between normal and abnormal behavior rests on the definition of insanity
What are the 5 different definitions of abnormality?deviation from the average, deviation from the ideal, a sense of personal discomfort, inability to function effectively, and abnormality as a legal concept
What is abnormal behavior?behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives
How should behavior be evaluated?In terms of gradations that range from fully normal functioning to extremely abnormal behavior

Section 2

Question Answer
What are the 6 major perspectives that are used to understand psychological disorders?Medical, Psychoanalytic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic, and Sociocultural
What is the medical perspective?the perspective that suggests that when an individual displays symptoms of abnormal behavior, the root cause will be found in a physical examination of the individual, which may reveal a hormonal imbalance, a chemical deficiency, or a brain injury
What is the psychoanalytic perspective?the perspective that suggests that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression
What is the behavioral perspective?The perspective that looks at the behavior itself as the problem
What is the cognitive perspective?the perspective that suggests that people's thoughts and beliefs are a central component of abnormal behavior
What is the humanistic perspective?the perspective that emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when such behavior is abnormal
What is the sociocultural perspective?the perspective that assumes that people's behavior- both normal and abnormal- is shaped by the kind of family group, society, and culture in which they live

Section 3

Question Answer
What is the standard system used to diagnose and classify abnormal behavior?the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR)
Who was this system created by?the American Psychiatric Association
How many disorders does this manual contain and in how many sections?More than 200 disorders divided in 17 categories
What are the 5 types of axes that must be considered in assessing a patient?Clinical disorders, personality disorders and mental retardation, general medical conditions, psychosocial and environmental problems, and global assessment of functioning