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dopey's version from 2017-05-04 08:07

PO

Question Answer Column 3
metforminGlucophagebiguanide
glyburideDiabetasulfonylurea
micronized glyburideGlynasesulfonylurea
glipizideGlucotrolsulfonylurea
glimepirideAmarylsulfonylurea
repaglinidePrandinmeglitinide
nateglinideStarlixmeglitinide
rosiglitazoneAvandiathiazolidinedione
pioglitazoneActosthiazolidinedione
sitagliptinJanuviaDPP4 inhibitor
linagliptinTradjentaDPP4 inhibitor
saxagliptinOnglyzaDPP4 inhibitor
alogliptinNesinaDPP4 inhibitor
canagliflozinInvokanaSGLT 2 inhibitor
dapagliflozinFarxigaSGLT 2 inhibitor
empagliflozinJardianceSGLT 2 inhibitor
acarbosePrecosea glucosidase inhibitor
miglitolGlyseta glucoside inhibitor
colesevelamWelcholbile acid sequestrate
bromocriptineCyclosetdopamine receptor agonist
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Inj

Question Answer Column 3
insulin glargineToujeoLong-acting
insulin glargineBasaglarLong-acting
insulin glargineLantusLong-acting
insulin detemirLevemirLong-acting
insulin degludecTresibaUltra long-acting
insulin lisproHumalogRapid acting
insulin aspartNovologRapid acting
insulin glulisineApidraRapid acting
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Others

Question Answer Column 3
pramlintideSymlinAmylin agonist
liraglutideVictozaGLP-1 agonist
exenatideByettaGLP-1 agonist
abiglutideTanzeumGLP-1 agonist
dulaglutideTrulicityGLP-1 agonist
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CLASSES

Question Answer
meglitinidesstimulate insulin release from pancreatic beta cells (rapid acting)
DPP4 inhibitorsInhibit DPP4 -> prolong incretin levels -> regulate glucose homeostasis by inc insulin synthesis and dec glucagon secretion "incretin enhancer"
SGLT2 inhibitorsInhibit SGLT2 in proximal renal tubules -> reduce reabsorption of filtered glucose and lowers renal threshold -> increase urinary excretion of glucose
ThiazolidinedionePPAR-y agonist to increase glucose transporter expression, higher glucose uptake; decrease insulin resistance
a glucosidase inhibitorsInhibit glucosidase -> delayed hydrolysis and absorption of sucrose and complex carbs -> slow absorption of glucose to blood
bile acid sequestratesglucose binds to bile acid and excreted
biguanideDecrease hepatic glucose output, enhance insulin sensitivity
Decrease glucagon which dec glucose production
sulfonylureastimulate insulin release from pancreatic beta cells
dopamine receptor agonistUnknown but maybe centrally reverse insulin resistance and obesity
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