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David & Helen In China Part 1 Vocab

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sneelhorses's version from 2018-10-31 16:22

第一课

Question Answer Column 3
huì(AV) will/would, may/might, be likely
李大为Lǐ Dàwéi(N) David Leigh
吴海琳Wú Hǎilín(N) Helen Wu
兴奋xīngfèn(ADJ/N) excited; thrilled; excitement
留学liúxué(VO) to study abroad
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亲戚qīnqi(N) relatives (of extended family)
准备zhǔnbèi(V/N) to prepare; preparation
申请shēnqǐng(V/N) to apply for; application
护照hùzhào(N) passport
签证qiānzhèng(N) visa
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飞机fēijī(N) airplane
piào(N) ticket
收拾shōushi(V) to put (things) in order, tidy up
团团转tuántuán zhuàn(ADJ) (so busy that you) run around in circles
分别fēnbié(V/N/A) to separate; separation; separately; respectively
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-部(BF) area, region (as PW suffix)
西部xībù(N) the west; western part
-裔(BF) of descent
华裔Huáyì(N) citizen of Chinese origin
移民yímín(V/N) to immigrate/emigrate; immigrant/emigrant
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-语(BF) language, speech (used as N-suf)
口语kǒuyǔ(N) spoken language
当时dāngshí(TW) at that time, then, at that very moment
-级(BF) level, rank
高级gāojí(ADJ) high-level/rank, advanced, advanced level
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帮助bāngzhù(V/N) to assist, help; assistance
yuē(V) to make an appointment
约好yuēhǎo(RV) to fix time/place, etc. for a meeting
自然zìrán(ADJ/A) natural; naturally
duàn(M) section, part
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习惯xíguàn(V/N) to get used to; habit
chéng(V) to turn into, become
shǎo(V) to lack, be short of
告别gàobié(VO/N) to bid farewell, say goodbye; farewell
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而且érqiě(MA) moreover; and also
哈哈hāhā(ON) Ha, ha!
见面jiàn // miàn(VO) to meet (someone), see
zhǒng(M) type, kind
shǎ(ADJ) silly, foolish
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样子yàngzi(N) appearance, look
好笑hǎoxiào(ADJ) be funny, amusing
放心fàng // xīn(VO/SV) to rest assured, feel relieved
zhù(V) to wish (as in "I wish you luck")
一路顺风yílùshùnfēng(PH) "Bon voyage!" "Have a nice trip!"
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第二课

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同学tóngxuéN classmate; fellow student
到达dàodáV/N to reach, arrive; arrival
总算zǒngsuànMA at long last, finally
赶快gǎnkuàiA hurriedly, quickly
出口chūkǒuN exit; V export (merchandise, products, etc.)
出口处chūkǒuchùN exit
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牌子páiziN sign; brand (of a product)
xiàngCV toward, to
明明míngmíngA clearly, obviously
日期rìqīN date
到底dàodǐMA after all
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CV (distance) from (in space/time)
yuǎnADJ far
出租chūzūV least out; leased
出租车chūzūchēN taxi
司机sījīN chauffer, driver
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突然tūránMA/ADJ suddenly, abruptly; abrupt
其中qízhōngPW among them; in which
miànside
上面shàngmiànPW on top of, on, above (syn. 上头, 上边)
中心zhōngxīnN center
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jiēV to pick up/meet (sb. at a station, airport, etc.); to receive (mail, phone call, etc.)
欢迎huānyíngV/N to welcome; welcome
办公室bàngōngshìN office, workplace
林红Lín HóngLin Hong
亚可YàkěN (one common transliteration for 'Jacques')
雅克YǎkèN (another common transliteration for 'Jacques')
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高雅gāoyǎADJ elegant
克制kèzhìV/N restrain, suppress; restraint, suppression
辛苦xīnkǔADJ/N laborious, toilsome; toil
还可以hái kěyǐIE so-so, passable
gǎnAV to dare to
相信xiāngxìnV to believe
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第三课

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对象duìxiàngN (marriage) prospect; target, object
原因yuányīnN reason, cause
伯母bómǔN wife of father's elder brother; aunt
毕业bìyèVO/N to graduate; graduation
台湾TáiwānPW Taiwan
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主修zhǔxiūV/N to major (in); major (in college)
Asia (used as suffix, but also as prefix)
东亚DōngyàPW East Asia
经济jīngjìADJ/N economical; economics, economy
熟悉shóuxi/shúxiV/ADJ to be/become quite familiar (with), know sth. or sb. well; acquainted with
情况qíngkuàngN situation; condition; status
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guǎnV to manage, take care [of a matter], in charge of
管闲事guǎn xiánshìVP to butt into other people's business
能干nénggànADJ capable, able
自以为是zì yǐ wéi shìPH to regard oneself as right; disregard the opinions of others
不管bùguǎnMA no matter, regardless
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安排ānpáiV/N to arrange, schedule; arrangement
dāiV to stay (at a place or for a time)
jièV by means of, take (opportunity/advantage to do sth.)
机会jīhuìN chance, opportunity
正好zhènghǎoA/MA just at the right time; just right; coincidentally, it just so happens that
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恋爱liàn'àiV/N be in love; romantic love
谈恋爱tán liàn'àiVO to get romantically involved, to date
结婚jiéhūnVO to get married, to marry
为...(而)...wèi...(ér) ...CV-A. for (the sake/purpose of...) [therefore]...
交朋友jiāo péngyouVP to make friends
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随便suíbiànADJ/A casual, informal; do as one pleases; randomly, casually; carelessly
说不定shuōbudìngMA maybe, perhaps
吹了chuī leIE [colloq.] (relationship) broken up/split; (of a plan) failed/fell though
一生(中)yìshēng(zhōng)N a life-time; all/throughout one's life
认真rènzhēnADJ serious (about sth.)
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自作多情zì zuò duōqíngIE to imagine that sb. is interested in you
duànV (sth.) break/snap
一刀两断yì dāo liǎng duànPH. make a clean break (in a relationship)
关心guānxīnVO to care about, show concern/care
ràngCV to let, to make, allow
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决定juédìngV/N to decide; decision
合适héshìADJ be suitable, fitting, appropriate
研究yánjiūV/N do research; research
研究生yánjiūshēngN graduate student
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长得zhǎngdeEV [of a person] be (good-looking, tall, thin, etc.)
shuàiADJ [colloq.] handsome
互相hùxiāngA each other, one another, mutually
大惊小怪dà jīng xiǎoguàiPH alarmed over nothing; make a fuss about nothing
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第三课电影

Question Answer Column 3
青春派qīngchūn pàiYouth style
天才tiāncáigenius, talent
勇敢yǒnggǎnbrave
负责(任)fùzé (rèn)responsible
校长xiàozhǎngprincipal, president of a university
失望shīwàngdisappointed
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梦想mèngxiǎngdream, vainly hope
相同xiāngtóngidentical, the same, alike
有教养yǒujiàoyǎngbe well educated, well brought up
成熟chéngshúmature
放弃fàngqìto give up
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高考gāokǎocollege entrance examination
郊区jiāoqūsuburbs
担心dānxīnto worry
保持bǎochíto maintain, keep
故事gùshistory
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发言权fāyánquánthe right of speech
xuǎnto choose
理直气壮lǐzhìqìzhuàngspeaking boldly or confidently with the knowledge the one is on the right side
伟大wěidàgreat, mighty
茄子qiézieggplant
辞(工作)cí (gōngzuò)to quit (a job)
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女神nǚshéndream girl
真实zhēnshítrue, real
答应dāyìngto agree, comply with
美德měidévirtue
早恋zǎoliànfall in love at an early age
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暗恋ànliànfall in love with someone secretly
懦弱nuòruòcowardly
沉默chénmòsilence
表白biǎobáiconfession
备选bèixuǎnback up
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第四课

Question Answer Column 3
V to treat (a patient, an ailment); BF medical
医生yīshēngN (medical) doctor, physician
生病shēng // bìngVO to fall ill, get sick
适应shìyìngV/ADJ to get adjusted to; accustomed to
环境huánjìngN environment
结果jiéguǒMA/N consequently , end up being...; result
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感冒gǎnmàoN/V flu, cold; to have a cold/flu
打喷嚏dǎ pēntìVO to sneeze
咳嗽késouV/N to cough; cough
suànV to count; to be considered as
bìngN/V disease, ailment; to be sick
不但...而且búdàn...érqiěMA not only..., but also...
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V cough
厉害lìhaiADJ severe
téngV (a body part) to ache, hurt, pain
医务室yīwùshìN clinic, medical office (of a school, company)
着凉zháo liángVO to catch cold
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泻肚(子)xiè dù(zi)VO to have diarrhea
tàngADJ be scalding hot, hotter than normal
发烧fā//shāoVO to have a fever
检查jiǎncháV/N to examine, inspect; checkup, inspection
张嘴zhāng zuǐVO to open the mouth
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liángV to measure (temperature, length, etc.)
体温tǐwēnN body temperature
M degree (of temperature, angle, etc.)
怪不得guàibudeIE no wonder... (= 难怪)
难受nánshòuADJ sad, unbearable, intolerable
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解开jiěkāiV to untie, unfasten
扣子kòuziN (clothes) button
V to exhale
V to inhale
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N air, gas, vapor
V to spit, spit something out
V to vomit, throw up
力气lìqiN physical strength
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水土不服shuǐtǔ bù fúPH negative physical reactions caused by a new environment ("The water and soil don't agree with you.")
另外lìngwàiMA in addition, besides
包子bāoziN steamed stuffed bun
miànN noodles; flour, dough
自来水zìláishuǐN tap water
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注意zhùyìV to pay attention to, watch
卫生wèishēngADJ sanitary; sanitation; hygienic, hygiene
新鲜xīnxiānADJ fresh
xiāoV to scrape, peel, pare
N skin; leather
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或者huòzhěCONJ or (as in either...or...)
V to wash
干净gānjìngADJ be clean
liánCV including, with ... included
maP (particle suggesting obviousness)
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条件tiáojiànN condition, term
药方yàofāngN prescription
吃药chī yàoVO to take medicine (orally)
到处dàochùPW everywhere
kāiV to make out (a list, prescription, check)
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证明zhèngmíngV/N to prove, certify; certifying letter
请假qǐngjiàVO to ask for a leave of absence
偏偏piānpiānMA pianpian
真要命zhēn yàomìngIE It's awful! It drives me crazy!
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第五课

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宿舍sùshèN dormitory, dorm-room
加上jiāshàngMA/V plus the fact that. in addition; to add
-惯-guànRVE be accustomed to / be in the habit of ...
-过了头-guòletóuVP to overdo...; have overdone
迟到chídàoV to arrive late (for class, meeting)
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热情rèqíngADJ warm-hearted, friendly
严格yángéADJ strict, harsh
重视zhòngshìV to regard as important, take sth. seriously
态度tàiduN attitude
要紧yàojǐnADJ urgent, important
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努力nǔlìV to strive, work hard (to achieve sth.)
认为rènwéiEV to think that..., believe that...
食堂shítángN cafeteria (of a school, hospital, etc.)
规定guīdìngV/N to make it a rule that; rule, regulation
好在hǎozàiMA [colloq.] fortunately, luckily
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同屋tóngwūN roommate
性情xìngqíngN disposition
比方说bǐfāngshuōPH for example
安静ānjìngADJ quiet
安安静静地ān ān jìng jìng deA quietly
复习fùxíV/N to review (lessons); review
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功课gōngkèN coursework, homework assignment
聊天liáotiānVO to chat
流行liúxíngADJ popular (song, fashion, etc.)
歌曲gēqǔN song
gēnV to follow
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录音机lùyīnjīN tape recorder
录音lùyīnV/N to make a tape recording; recording, tape
niànV to read aloud, chant (poem, etc.)
tíngV to stop
感情gǎnqíngN emotion, feeling
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干巴巴gānbābāADJ dry and dull
不见得bújiàndeMA [colloq.] not necessarily
寂寞jìmòADJ lonely
发现fāxiànV/N to discover, find; discovery, finding
爱上ài shàngRV to fall in love with
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(要)不然(yào)bùránMA otherwise
一切yíqièN all; everything
顺利shùnlìADJ/A (progress of a matter) smooth; smoothly, without a hitch
尽快jǐnkuàiA as soon as possible, soon
收到shōudàoRV to receive [mail, gift, etc.]
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和平hépíngADJ/N peaceful; peace
zhuǎnV to forward, transfer; (envelope) care of (c/o)
地址dìzhǐN address
信封xìnfēngN envelope
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第六课

Question Answer Column 3
wéi/wèiINTERJ Hello! (mostly used on the phone)
自从zìcóngMA (ever) since
盼望pànwàngV/N to look forward to; expectation
着急zhāojíV/ADJ to worry; be worried
shǔV to count (numbers etc.)
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伤心shāng // xīnVO/ADJ to hurt feelings; sad, heartbroken
算了suànleIE "Forget it." "Never mind."
闭(上)bì(shang)RV to close (eyes, mouth, etc.)
chènCV take advantage of (a favorable situation)
战线zhàn // xiànVO [of phone line] be busy, occupied
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V to dial (the telephone), set/adjust (a watch, dial, etc.)
jiēV to connect; to answer (phone)
tōngV get through (on telephone)
ànV to press; push down, depress
dīng(sound simulation of a phone ring/bell)
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接线员jiēxiànyuánN (phone) operator
长途chángtúN long distance; long distance phone call
分机fēnjīN (of phone system) extension
号码hàomǎN number (room, phone, etc.); code
cháV to check, check over; look up (name, phone number, etc.)
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稍等shāoděngPH "One moment, please" "I'll be with you shortly" "Hold on"
liúV to leave (sth. for sb.)
留话liú // huàVP to leave a (verbal) message
人家rénjiāN [colloq.] the other person, other people; a 3rd person or the speaker himself/herself
guàV to hang; hang up (a phone); to ring off (sb. on the phone)
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小时xiǎoshíN hour (syn. of 钟头)
对方duìfāngN the other party
(sound of tone heard on the phone)
麻烦máfanV/N/SV to trouble; (put sb. to some) trouble; annoyance; troublesome
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chūV to contribute, chip in (idea, money, etc.)
主意zhúyìN [colloq] idea
一般yìbānADJ general, average, run of the mill
趁早chènzǎoA (do) while you can
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借口jièkǒuN an excuse, a pretext
其实qíshíMA actually, as a matter of fact
好...hǎo...A [for emphasis] so..., terribly, awfully
该死gāisǐIE [colloq.] damn (lit. "deserve death")
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