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DANA Exam 3 Slides

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aknight1302's version from 2015-10-28 14:33

Identify

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1Proximal Convoluted Tubule
2Glomerulus
3Distal Convoluted Tubule
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Slide ***

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IDENTIFY Cells indicated in 1Macula Densa Cells
Cells indicated in 1 monitor what concentration?Na+ Concentration monitored by Macula Densa cells, specifically in the filtrate in Distal Convoluted Tubule
Cells indicated in 1 are in the lining of what nephron component?Distal Convoluted Tubule (juxtaglomeruar apparatus)
Cells indicated in 1 signal to what cells?JG Cells (Juxtaglomerular cells)
IDENTIFY structure indicated in 2Glomerulus
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What cells are indicated in slide?Juxtaglomerular cells (JG cells)
The indicated cells release what from their secretory granules?Renin
Indicated cells are in the wall of what structure?Afferent Arteriole
Indicated cells are activated by communication from what cells?Macula Densa cells
The substance released by the secretory granules in the circled cells acts on what zymogen to make what?Angiontensinogen, Angiontensin 1
Angiotensin 1 is activated to Angiotensin 2 by what enzyme?ACE
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IDENTIFY cell indicated at 1Erythrocyte
IDENTIFY cell indicated at 2Mesangial Cell
IDENTIFY layer (or structure) indicated at 3Basement Membrane
IDENTIFY cell indicated at 4Podocyte
What type of capillaries are shown in the slide?Fenestrated (Glomerular)
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IDENTIFY 3Osteoclast
IDENTIFY 4Mesenchymal cell
IDENTIFY 5Growing Capillary
IDENTIFY 6Endothelial cells
IDENTIFY 7Osteoblasts
IDENTIFY 8Osteocyte in Lacuna
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IDENTIFY 1Interlobular Artery
IDENTIFY 2Afferent Arteriole
IDENTIFY 3Efferent Arteriole
IDENTIFY 4Glomerular Capillaries
IDENTIFY 5Bowman's Capsule
IDENTIFY 6Proximal Convoluted Tubule
IDENTIFY 7Distal Convoluted Tubule
IDENTIFY 8Nephron Loop (ascending and descending)
IDENTIFY 9Loop of Henle
HelpThere's a snake sucking pee out of my blood!, good thing we can can get some of it back...
90% of water reabsorption happens where?6 (Proximal Convoluted Tubule)
What cells make up the Visceral Layer surrounding structure indicated in 4 ?Podocytes
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Identify Cells indicated by 1Podocytes
Identify Space indicated by 2Glomerular Capillary Lumen
What passes through 3 and out into surrounding space?glomerular filtrate
What cannot pass through 3 and out into surrounding space?
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Identify Cell indicated by 1Podocyte
Identify Layer indicated by 2Basement Membrane
Identify Space indicated by 3Glomerular Capillary Lumen
What is the charge of Layer indicated by 2?Negative
Proteinurea is caused by a problem with what structure?Basement Membrane of Glomerulus
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What type of cell is shown in this slide?Cuboidal Epithelial
What structure in the nephron is this cell found in?Proximal Convoluted Tubule
Why are there so many Mitochondria in the cell?Cell does ALOT of ACTIVE TRANSPORT, needs TONS of ATP
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Identify overall structure indicated by 1Osteon
Identify Space indicated by 2central vessel
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what is the red stained stuff in this slide?bone matrix
what process does this slide show?endochondrial bone formation
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Identify what is indicated by green arrowsOsteocytes
What process does this slide show?Endochondrial bone formation
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Identify 1Fibrous Capsule
Identify 2Renal Cortex
Identify 3Renal Medulla
Identify 4Renal Artery
Identify 5Renal Pelvis
Identify 6Renal Vein
Identify 7Ureter
What is name of area where 4, 5, and 6 enter/exit Kidney?Renal Hilum
Fluid in number 5 is calledPee pee
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Identify Cell indicated by 1Osteocyte
Identify _________ indicated by 2Canaliculi
Identify matrix indicated by 3bone matrix
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Identify cells indicated by 1Osteoclasts
Identify 2Bone Matrix
Identify 3Proteolytic enzymes and HCl vesicles
What is the name of the space between the cells indicated by 1 and matrix indicate by 2Howship's Lacuna
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Identify what is indicated in pink circlesMitochondria of muscle cells
What are the long linear structures around the indicated organellesCardiac Muscle fibers
What type of tissue is this?Cardiac Muscle
Identify the dark, thin bands on the slideIntercalated disks
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Identify 1Z line
Identify 2M-line
Identify 3A band
Identify 4I band
Identify 5H line
What runs the length of structure indicated at 1 to another structure indicated at 1?Sarcomere (between Z lines)
Which band does not grow shorter during contraction?A band
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Identify Cell indicated by 1Osteoblast
Identify Cell indicated by 2Osteocyte
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what is tissue type?Skeletal muscle (cross-section)
what is layer at points indicated by triangles?Endomysium
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What type of tissue is this?Cardiac Muscle
What is the structure indicated at 2?intercalated disks
What is the structure indicated at 1?Cardiac Muscle Nuclei
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Identify tissue typeSkeletal (striated) muscle
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Identify 1Motor fiber (nerve)
Identify structures at 2Motor-End Plates
Identify tissue indicated by 3Skeletal (striated) muscle
What is released as the first step of communication from 2 to 3?Acetylcholine
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What are 3?Lens fibers
What is 1?Capsule
What is 2?Subcapsular epithelium
What structure is this slide taken from?Lens of the eye
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??
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1vitreous space
10rods and cones
4ganglion layer
6inner nuclear layer
8external nuclear layer
What number corresponds to the layer that senses light?10
what number is the most exterior layer?16, choroid
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What tissue is this?Smooth Muscle tissue
Contraction of this tissue is via ____Calmodulin, as opposed to troponin in skeletal muscle
During contraction of this tissue, the cell nucleus form what shape?spiral
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What even is this thing?Developing sperm (spermatozoon)
What organelle is indicated by 2?Nucleus of Spermatozoon
What does the structure 2 develop into?Head of Sperm
Identify structure at 4Developing Sperm tail
Identify Structure at 3microfilaments
I dentify structure at 1Acrosymal body
What is purpose of structure that originates from 1?deliver proteolytic enzymes to enable delivery of genetic material through zona pallucida and corona radiata of erupted ovum
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Identify stage at 1Primary follicle on left, secondary follicle on right. Oocyte or ovum is cell in there
What are the the cuboidal sells indicated by 2?Granulosa cells
What polysaccharide layer is indicated at 5?Zona Pallucida
What stage of cell is indicated by 3?Primordial Follicles
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what are structures indicated by 1?Primordial follicles
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What type of follicle is shown on slide on the left?secondary follicle
what is indicated by 2oocyte
what layer is indicated at 4?zone pellucid
what cells are indicated by 3?granulosa cells
What layer of cells is indicated by 7?Theca Interna
What layer of cells is indicated by 8?Theca Externa
The precursor of estrogen, Androstenodiene, is synthesized by layer of cells indicated by which number?7 (theca interna)
What structure of cells is indicated by 6, surrounding structure indicated by 2?corona radiate (radiating crown)
What is layer of cells indicated at 5? (they connect structure at 2 and 6 to cells of 3)Cumulus Oophorus
A spike of which hormone will cause eruption from the follicle?LH (Luteinizing Hormone)
Which layer of cells releases the enzyme Aromatase?Granulosa cells (3)
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1Semeniferous Tubules
3rete testes
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What is the function of the cells indicated by the arrows?Produce Systemic Testosterone in males
Identify cells indicated by arrowsInterstitial Cells of Leydig
The dark purple spots inside the circles are what kind of cell?Sertoli cells
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What is the function of the above cell?Steroid synthesis
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What space is indicated in the blue circle?Capillary
What type of cells are indicated by burgundy arrows?Parafollicular cells (C-cells)
What is produced by the cells indicated by burgundy arrows?Calcitonin
What type of cells are indicated by the pink arrows?Follicular cells
What gland was this slide taken from?the thyroid
What is in the space indicated by the green arrowcolloid, thyroglobulin
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What organ is this slide taken from?Pancreas
What is the name of the structure of lighter cells in slide?Isle of Langerhans
The mass of lighter cells could be responsible for producing one of what two hormones?Insulin or Glucagon
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What gland is this slide taken from?Thyroid Gland
What is name of the material indicated by the green arrow?Colloid
What is in the material indicated by the green arrow?Iodinated Thyroglobulin
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What tissue is this slide taken from?Posterior pituitary
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What tissue is this slide taken from?Posterior pituitary
what are the structures indicated by the orange arrows?Herring Bodies
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What is the gland that slide was taken from?Adrenal gland
All Ceo's in America Get Fat RetirementAldosterone, Cortisol, Androgens; Glomerulasa, fasciculata, reticulata
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What tissue is the slide taken from?Pars Distalis, Anterior Pituitary
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What is indicated by B?Adrenal cortex
What is indicated by C?Adrenal Medulla
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Where was this slide taken from?Pars Distalis of the Anterior Pituitary
What type of cell is in the orange circle?Clear cell (undifferentiated)
What type of cell is in the green circle?Acidophil
What type of cell is in the purple circle?Basophil
Which of the cells produces LH?(purple circle)
Which of the cells produces Growth Hormone?(green circle)
Which of the cells produces Prolactin?(green circle)
Which of the cells produces FSH?(purple circle)
Which of the cells produces TSH?(purple circle)
Which of the cells produces ACTH?(purple circle)
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What structure is presented by 1, within the green circle?Glomerulus
What type of cells are indicated by 2 (in the lining of the afferent arteriole)?JG cells
3?Macula Densa
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1Epiphyseal Plate
matrix at 2cartilage
matrix at 3bone
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Slide is from what tissue?Adrenal Medulla
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1Ganglion layer
3inner nuclear layer
4external nuclear layer
5rods and cones
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1Intercalated disk
2Mitochondria
Tissue?Cardiac Muscle
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1Epiphyseal plate
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1Zona Pellucida
2Corona Radiata
This slide is oflayers around ovum
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