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CRISPR Gene Editing Facts

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craig's version from 2017-08-20 15:57

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Nena CRISPR article facts

 

Source:
http://futurism.com/11-incredible-things-crispr-has-helped-us-achieve-in-2017/amp/

 

Question Answer
Thing article is aboutCRISPR//Cas9 gene editing tool
What was done to embryos?gene-editing human embryos
How was human embryo modified?one-cell embryo DNA > was "corrected" to remove the MYBPC3 gene (cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a heart disease that affects 1 in 500 people)
What happened with HIV?HIV was completely extract from a living organism (virus DNA was removed)
Semi-synthetic organisms were developed bybreeding E.coli bacteria with an anomalous six-letter genetic code (instead of the normal four-base sequence)
The CRISPR method successfully targeted the _________ of cancercommand center
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Question Answer
The command center of cancer is also called the _________ and leads to _________hybrid fusion, abnormal tumor growths
They created a cancer-annihilating gene that shrinksprostate and liver cancer tumors
Scientists slowed the growth of cancerous cells, by targetingTudor-SN
Tudor-SN isa key protein in cell division.
How were superbugs forced to kill themselvesBy adding antibiotic resistant gene sequences into bacteriophage viruses, self-destructive mechanisms are triggered (which protect bacteria)
How could gene editing make mosquito-born diseases extinct?Limiting the spread of mosquitoes by hacking fertility genes
Scientists credit hacking mosquito fertility genes toCRISPR’s ability to make multiple genetic code changes simultaneously
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Question Answer
Huntington’s diseaseresearchers have edited out Huntington’s disease from mice, pushing the symptomatic progression of the condition into reverse.
Biofuelmore abundant and sustainable biofuel (maybe) - scientists engineered algae that produce twice the biofuel material as wild (or “natural”) counterparts
A "molecular recorder" was created that does what?encodes a film directly into DNA code - they embedded information into an E.coli genome
DARPA stands forUS Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DARPA invested...$65 million in a project called “safe genes,” designed to improve the accuracy and safety of CRISPR editing techniques
DARPA project aims toavoid accidental or intentional misuse, and remove engineered genes from environments to return them to baseline “natural” levels
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