Crime and punishment 4

simmyhall's version from 2015-05-28 21:20

Section 1

Question Answer
Garrotters1850's Londons East end -strangle victims with rope to rob them
Jack the ripper1888 Whitechapel -5 murders - was sensationalised by press (the star )
Police Lacked scientific knowledge
Most popular Burgary and arson
Only in East end -poverty
Press made things Worse
Violent crime Only occasional

Section 2

Question Answer
John Howard good Led to parliament passing 1774 gaol act
John Howard bad Said gaolers should be payed by justice of peace -unwilling
Elizabeth fry goodHelped women in Newgate prison -clothes and set up school and chapel
Elizabeth fry good sir robHe passed 1823 gaols act and this led to women's prisons having wardens
Elizabeth fry bad Her comments against execution and reform -lack of sympathy-rejected

Section 3

Question Answer
1840 Sir Robert peel -introduced buildings of prisons
1868Transportation no longer used-too expensive and no workers needed and gave chance of new life
1869Public executions ended-now in prison -promoted crime (drunk) and dangerous -riots

Section 4

Question Answer
Bow street runners 1749Track down criminals and stolen property -first time paid to investigate rather than prevent (small)1749
Horse patrols 1763Enforce law -investigate and deter (not enough)
Hue and cry news sheet 1772List of criminals and crimes and offer reward -members of public helping too=more criminals caught due to info

Section 5

Question Answer
Organised police force rather than army Yeomanry 1819 -made it worst and tension -police -not look like army less tension
Increase in crime -law enforcement By 1929 pop in London 1.5million but only 450parish constables and part time -police more effective if organised
Existing tactics inefficient Jonathan wild -better to have reliable honest force to deter

Section 6