daveliuhk's version from 2018-02-15 19:49

Section 1

Question Answer
What is sociologyExplain why social life is not random series of events, Social is structured and shaped by process and rules, relationship between society and human action
Analytical of sociologyMicro level: lived experience of illness of social phenomenon, Macro level: social structure of pattern in public health, Health: meet social role expectation
What is health behaviour Activities to enhance or maintain health
What is health habbitHealth behaviour established and perform automatically
What is risklikelihood of adverse effect of hazard
Risk assessment approach1. epidemiological understanding of health risk 2. Relationship between harm and individual behaviour 3. Public health strategies 4. Define life style factor 5. Find relationship between risk and cause, manage risk and health intervention
What is lay health belief1. beliefs that ordinary people use to make sense of health or illness 2. Socio-cultural influenced 3. understand something unknown
Why studying ageing in sociology1. overcome stereotypes/assumptions 2. Elderly is not homogeneous group (everyone is different) 3. Empathy 4. Personalised treatment
How to help patients with stress1. social history 2. Empathy 3. Involve other specialists
Example of stress1. Traumatic 2. Unpredictable 3. Internal conflicts 4. Everyday changes 5. Environmental events
Limitation of general adaptation syndrome1. all stressors same effect? 2. Characteristics of stressors (unpredictable or uncontrollable) 3. Personality
Limitation of life change model1. People react differently, stressors are objective 2. All stimulus are stressful? 3. Perception affect the stress 4. Social support influence 5. Changes are not all passive 6. Causation of change and result of diseases

Section 2

Question Answer
What is epidemiologyDescribe the disease pattern in the population
What does epidemiology study1. prevention 2. risk factors 3. causes 4. treatment 5. demographic
What is the goal of global healthAchieve health equality and promote social, mental and physical well being for all people
What is confounding factorAn alternative explanation for the relationship between independent and dependent variables
Bradford hill criteria1. Strong 2. Independent 3. Dose response 4. Temporal sequence 5. Consistent 6. Specific 7. Reversible 8. Biological plausible 9. Analogy
What is confidence intervalsDescribe precision of sample estimate for population parameter, addressing sample errors

Section 3

Question Answer
Why study ethicsRecognise and protect dignity of patients (valuable)
Situation causes errors1. Short of time 2. Unfamiliar 3. Inexperience 4. No checking 5. Poor procedures 6. Poor human equipment 7. Rushing 8. Multitask 9. Interruption 10. Didn't use memory aids 11. Hunger and stress
Common medical errors1. misdiagnosis 2. unnecessary treatment 3. unnecessary test 4. medication 5. never events 6. infection in hospital 7. avoidable accidents 8. missed warning signs 9. early discharge
Reason for errors1. overconfidence, think error will never occur 2. errors are part of experiential learning 3. Bias, not accessing situation objectively 4. Mistakes on never events
Error types1. slips and lapses (skill or technique) 2. mistakes (knowledge) 3. violation (attitude)
How to change error1. change assumption: errors mostly caused by people doing what they think is right 2. change the thought of what is right thing to do (1. personality/mood 2. habit 3. knowledge/skills 4. clinical situation) 3. DATIX system (report any types of incidence)
Components of good death1. pain or symptoms management 2. clear decision making 3. preparation for death 4. completion of death 5. contributing to others 6. affirmation of whole person

Section 4

Question Answer
Knowledge, skills and performance1. care of patients first concern 2. good standard of practice 3. professional knowledge up to date 4. record work clearly and legibly 5. know when to ask for help 6. obtain consent in any cases
Safety and quality1. honest 2. raise concern 3. comply with regulations 4. protect patients and colleagues from any risk posed by own health
Communication, partnership and teamwork1. communicate effectively 2. work as a team 3. partnership with patients 4. give information to patients they want 5. respect and polite
Maintain trust1. fair and no discrimination 2. respect every life beliefs 3. no personal relationship with patients
Gibbs reflection cycledescription -> feelings -> evaluation -> analysis -> conclusion -> action plan -> description
Good academic practice1. study skills 2. critical thinking 3. appropriate academic writing 4. referencing skills 5. exam techniques
Potential violation in academics1. falsifying data 2. not following protocols 3. conflict of interest 4. withholding data 5. unethical 6. inflating consequences 7. plagiarism

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