Cp Art318 b


study guide 5

Question Answer
Bhumisparsha mudra"enlightenment" hand gesture
pagodaa tall, tiered Buddhist reliquary tower which developed in China and spread to other areas of East Asia
kondothe image hall of a Buddhist temple complex, also an area used for worship
dry lacquera medium used in sculpture in which a clay or wood core is covered with layers of cloth soaked in lacquer. Details are added in a dry lacquer combination of sawdust, starch and lacquer

study guide 6

Question Answer
Tendai(C. Tianti) an esoteric sect of Buddhism that emphasizes study of the Lotus Sutra and worship of Amitabha Buddha
Shingonan esoteric Japanese sect of Buddhism. Shingon means "true word." The sect emphasizes use of mandalas, mantra, secret rituals, etc
Dainichi (Vairochana)C: Palushena; J: Dainichi) the "Sun Buddha" or Cosmic Buddha who is the central deity. in esoteric Buddhism
mono no aware a Japanese aesthetic that sees beauty in the transience of life
raigothe descent of the Amida Buddha, bodhisattvas and angels to welcome the deceased to the Pure Land after death
nembutsuthe practice of repeating the Amida Buddha's name in praise
Daruma (Bodhidharma)the historical founder of Zen Buddhism
koana riddle used in Zen Buddhism to aid the student in reaching enlightment. Ex: "What is the sound of one hand clapping?"

study guide 7

Question Answer
monomane"the imitation of things" a Japanese term used in reference to Zen gardens, among other arts
yugena Japanese aesthetic term referring to an atmosphere of mystery, or a profound and artistic elegance concealing multi-layered symbolism
yohaki no bia Japanese aesthetic term; roughly " the beauty of empty space"
kare-sansuiliterally "dry landscape"; a type of garden especially popular in Zen gardens of the 15th - 16th century in Japan