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Constitution & Federalism

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xisibabu's version from 2017-11-10 01:58

Section

Question Answer
informal amendmenta change that changes the actions but not the document
division of powersthe basic principle of federalism, the constitutional provisions by which governmental power is divided equally
exclusive powersthose powers that can be exercised by the national government alone
concurrent powersthose powers that both the national government and the states possess and exercise
reserved powersthose powers that the constitution does not grant to the national government and does not, at the same time, deny to the states
privileges and immunities clauseConstitutions stipulation that all citizens are entitled to certain "privileges and immunities" regardless of their state of residence.
full faith and creditConstitutions requirement that each state accept the public the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.
extraditionLegal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to the state.
block grantOne type of Federal-grants-in-aid for some participants but broadly defined area of public policy.
national government gurantees to the statesThe United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
interstate compactsFormal agreement entered into with the consent of congress, between or among states, or between a state and a foreign state.
McCulloch V. MarylandThe state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. State action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.
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