archiebw's version from 2016-01-10 22:35


Question Answer
How does the Oxford Dictionary defines conscience?"The faculty or principle which pronounces upon the moral quality of one’s actions or motives, approving the right and condemning the wrong."
What is a Greek word which has a meaning similar to 'conscience' which appears in the Bible?‘Synderessi.’
How does St. Paul present the conscience?As an awareness of good and bad, which can be mistaken.
As what did St. Jerome see conscience?As that "with which we discern that we sin".
As what does St. Augustine of Hippo identify the conscience?The voice of God.


Question Answer
In what rule did St. Thomas Aquinas believe, and what did it mean?The synderis rule, and that people basically tended towards good and away from evil.
What did St. Thomas Aquinas believe the conscience to be, and in what work did he say this? (QUOTE)"Reason making right decisions", and 'Summa Theologica'.
What are the two faculties which Aquinas names which are involved in moral decision-making, and what do they do?The synderis and conscientia, and reminds the agent of the moral principle to do good and avoid evil and distinguishes between the right and the wrong, respectively.
What are there in Aquinas's view of the conscience that isn't in Butler's?Elements of accountability.
Why is Aquinas's view of 'apparent goods' hard to argue with?Cat.
Why is Aquinas's view of the conscience questionable?Because it could be said to contradict his theory of Natural Law.


Question Answer
Who was Joseph Butler?An Anglican priest.
What two basic principles are humans influenced by, according to Joseph Butler?Self-love and benevolence.
As what did Joseph Butler identify conscience, and why would he use to suggest the conscience is perfect?"Our natural guide, the guide assigned us by the Author of our nature", and because God is perfect.
What is a strength of Joseph Butler's views?They fit in with Christianity.
As what did Freud fundamentally see conscience?Guilt.
To Freud, the conscience is p----------Pre-rational.
How have psychologists post-Freud amended his theory?They have suggested the existence of two consciences, one mature and one immature.


Question Answer
What is the aim of the mature conscience?To find the best way to achieve integrity.
What is the aim of the immature conscience?To avoid the guilt that has been instilled by parenting and schooling.
What is a classical example of someone describing themselves going against their own conscience? (QUOTE)"I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate."- Letter of St. Paul
What did the Catholic church and Aquinas think about the reliability of the conscience?It was always to be followed, but needed to be informed.
Who was a more intuitionist Catholic, and what is his famous quote?John Henry Newman, and "I toast the Pope, but I toast conscience first."


Question Answer
What is a strength of Freud's theory?It explains why religious people think of it supernaturally, so they can obey it and don't have to apprehend the decisions to be complicated as they truly are.
What is there inconsistency in the Catholic view of conscience?It is unclear what one does when their conscience conflicts with the Church's teachings.
What are two difficulties with linking the conscience with the voice of God?There are a number of contradictory sincere beliefs on ethical issues in the world, and people can sometimes feel torn between two conscientious courses of action.
What would be an argument by Joe Bloggs the atheist?That the conscience is important to him despite it not being supernaturally derived.

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