Complementary and alternative medicine

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-30 06:32

Section 1

Question Answer
allopathic medicineanother term for conventional, or Western, medical practices and systems of health care
alternative medicinea general term for practices and systems of health care other than allopathic approaches used in place of these treatments
complementary medicinea general term for practices and systems of health care other than allopathic approaches used to supplement these treatments
integrative medicinea model of health care based on both allopathic and alternative medicine
holisticrefers to a treatment approach that takes into consideration the whole body and its environment, including mind, body and spirit
Ayurvedic medicinethe traditional Hindu system of medicine, emphasizing a holistic approach to preventative treatment ; includes hygiene, exercise, herbal preparations, yoga, treatment of illnesses with herbal medicines, physiotherapy and diet
traditional Chinese medicinea system of ancient medicinal treatments including acupuncture, diet, herbal therapy, meditation, physical exercise and massage
naturopathya combination of nutrition, medicinal supplements and herbs, water therapy,homeopathy and lifestyle modifications to identify and treat the root causes of symptoms and disease; emphasized supporting the body's own innate healing ability and the healing power of nature
homeopathyinvolves the use of substances created from plant or mineral products diluted a thousand-fold in water or alcohol; believe the body can stimulate its own healing responses when the right trigger is given in minute doses, producing symptoms similar to the disease being treated

Section 2

Question Answer
mind-body therapiestry to reduce stress and prevent its negative effects on the body; can be used for stress reduction, pain management, lifestyle changes and depression
biofeedbacka patient-guided treatment that teaches individuals to control muscle tension, pain, body temperature, brain waves and other bodily functions through relaxation, visualization and other cognitive control techniques
guided imagery a type of treatment in which a patient follows verbal prompts to envision a specific, peaceful location in detail, distancing him- or herself from any pain or stress the patient is currently experiencing
hypnosisthe patient is placed in a state of focused concentration and narrowed attention that makes him or her more susceptible to suggestions, and then given suggestions directed toward the patient's treatment goal
mindfulness meditationfocuses on becoming aware of thoughts and emotions and their physiological responses, as well as accepting them and maintaining a calm, constant awareness
energy therapiestry to improve or maintain health by mainpulating the body's energy flow, or qi; based on the belief that illness is linked to blocked or insufficient energy levels
Qithe fundamental life energy responsible for health and vitality
acupressurea traditional Chinese touch therapy involving finger pressure applied to specific areas of the body to restore the flow of qi
acupunctureuses very thin acupuncture needles inserted into specific points of the body to restore the flow of qi
qi gongChinese system of movement, breathing techniques and meditation designed to improve and enhance the flow of qi

Section 3

Question Answer
hands-on therapiestry to improve body function by physically manipulating or massaging the body; can be used for neck or back pain, relaxation and increased range of motion
chiropractic manipulative therapya system of mechanical spinal adjustments made to correct biomechanical problems in the skeletal framework of the body
osteopathic manipulative therapymechanical spinal adjustment in conjunction with conventional medical therapies by an osteopath
craniosacral therapythe use of gentle touch to help the body release tension, stress and trauma to correct restrictions resulting from stress on the central nervous system
myofascial releasea specialized soft-tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders and carpal tunnel syndrome
neuromuscular therapya form of massage that uses soft-tissue manipulation focusing on applying pressure to trigger points to treat injuries and alleviate pain
trigger pointa particularly taut band of muscle that is tender to the touch