Common Bacteria and Associated Disease

sufigala's version from 2016-03-05 13:37


MicroorganismMorphology and StainDiseaseDescription and Symptoms
Actinomyces israeliiMycelial/Filamentous, Gram PositiveActinomyces keratitisCorneal inflammation, discharge, loss of vision, and corneal scarring
Bacillus anthracisBacillus, Gram PositiveAnthraxCutaneous: Lesions and edema. Pulmonary: Flu-like symptoms, hypotension, and septic shock. Intestinal: Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and hemorrhagic diarrhea.
Bacillus cereusBacillus, Gram PositiveFood Poisoning (gastroenteritis)Watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea. Usually lasts 23 hours.
Bacillus subtilisBacillus, Gram PositiveFood Poisoning (gastroenteritis)Non-pathogenic. Occasionally causes food poisoning.
Bacteroides fragilisBacillus, Gram NegativeOpportunistic Food Poisoning (gastroenteritis)Diarrhea
Bartonella henselaeBacillus, Gram NegativePeliosis hepatisBlood filled cavities form in liver
Bartonella quintanaBacillus, Gram NegativeTrench FeverVector: Head lice Five day fever, severe headache, eye pain, severe shin pain, and muscle soreness.
Bordetella pertussisBacillus, Gram NegativePertussis (whooping cough)Escalating cough that develops high-pitch whoop in young children, rarely causes vomiting.
Borellia burgdorferiSpirochete, Gram NegativeLyme borreliosis (lyme disease)Vector: Tick Bulls-eye rash, flu-like symptoms, meningitis, nerve and brain inflammation, and arthritis.
Borellia recurrentisSpirochete, Gram NegativeTyphinia (Relapsing Fever)Vector: Human body louse Recurring fever, headache, muscle pain, and nausea.
Brucella abortusBacillus, Gram NegativeBrucellosis (Malta fever)Vector: Cattle. Acute: Fever, chills, muscle pain, weakness, and weight loss. Chronic: Recurring joint pain, fatigue, and headaches.
Campylobacter jejuniBacillus (curved), Gram NegativeOpportunistic Food Poisoning (gastroenteritis)Abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, aches, and muscle pain.
Chlamydia pneumoniaeBacillus, Gram NegativePneumoniaDry cough, fatigue, chest pain, fever, loss of appetite, and aches
chlamydia trachomatisBacillus, Gram NegativeChlamydia (STI)Women: Vaginal bleeding, low back pain, and infertility. Men: Penile itching. Both sexes: Discharge, burning, increased risk of HIV infection
chlamydia psittaciBacillus, Gram NegativePsittacosisVector: Parrots or other birds. Fever, cough, epitaxis, severe headache, and pneumonia.
chromobacterium violaceumBacillus, Gram NegativeChromobacterium violaceum infectionInfection is rare, tissue inflammation, skin lesions, organ abscesses, and septic shock.
Clostridium botulinumBacillus, Gram PositiveBotulismImpaired vision, widespread muscular weakness, and eventual asphyxiation
Clostridium difficileBacillus, Gram PositiveClostridium difficile infrectionAntibiotic-associated diarrhea: three or more watery stools per day. Psuedomembraneous colitis: 10-15 watery stools per day, intestinal inflammation, fever, abdominal pain, blood or pus in stools.
Clostridium perfringensBacillus, Gram PositiveClostridium perfringens infectionFood poisoning: Abdominal cramping and diarrhea. Gas gangrene: Gas production in tissues, sepsis, necrosis, and shock.
Clostridium tetaniBacillus, Gram PositiveTetanusSpastic paralysis, lockjaw, sardonic smile, sweating, hyperthermia, and blood pressure changes
Corynebacterium diphtheriaeBacillus, Gram PositiveDiphtheriaCutaneous: Shallow ulcers. Respiratory: Sore throat, fever, neck inflammation, and asphyxiation.
Coxiella burnetiiPleomorphic, Gram NegativeQ feverVectors: Pets or livestock. Endocarditis, pneumonia, hepatitis, and heart inflammation.
Enterococcus faeciumCoccus, Gram PositiveEnterococcus faecium infectionUrinary tract infection: Painful urination. Meningitis: Headache, neck stiffness, high fever, and confusion.
Enterococcus faecalisCoccus, Gram PositiveEnterococcus faecalis infectionUrinary tract infection: Painful urination. Endocarditis: Fever, decreased immunity, and heart valve damage.
Enterbacter aerogenesBacillus, Gram NegativeEnterobacter aerogenes infectionUrinary tract infection: Painful urination. Endocarditis: Fever, decreased immunity, and heart valve damage.
Ehrlichia chaffeensisBacillus, Gram NegativeHuman monocytotrophic ehrlichiosisVector: Tick Fever, headache, and rash.
Escherichia coliBacillus, Gram NegativeFood Poisoning (gastroenteritis)Acute diarrhea, stomach cramping, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, fever.
Francisella tularensisBacillus, Gram NegativeTularemia (Rabbit Fever)Ulcer formation at infection site, fever, weight loss, fatigue, and pneumonia.
Gardnerella vaginalisBacillus, VariableBacterial vaginosis, Vaginal BacteriosisVaginal discharge, itching, pain or burning upon urination (dysuria), and painful sexual intercourse
Haemophilus ducreyiBacillus, Gram NegativeChancroid (STI)Ulcer formation at infection site; single or multiple necrotic ulcers that bleed on contact.
Haemophilus infuenzaeBacillus, Gram NegativeHaemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)Affects young children, pneumonia, inflammation of throat, and meningitis.
Helicobacter pyloriBacillus (curved), Gram NegativePeptic (gastric) ulcersAbdominal pain, bloating, indigestion, and mild nausea.
Klebsiella pneumoniaeBacillus, Gram NegativeKlebsiella pneumoniaLung necrosis and inflammation, production of thick bloody sputum (currant jelly sputum)
Kocuria roseaCoccus, Gram PositiveAcute cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation)Gnawing pain in upper right abdomen, nausea, sweating, loss of appetite, fever, chills, and bloating.
Lactobacillus acidophilusBacillus, Gram PositiveNonpathogenicNormal gastrointestinal, oral and vaginal flora.
Lactococcus lactisCoccus, Gram PositiveNonpathogenicCheese production.
Legionella pneumophilaBacillus, Gram NegativeLegionellosisLegionnaires’ disease: pneumonia, fever, myalgia, cough, with progression to coma and death. Pontiac fever: Flu-like illness with myalgia, headache, fever, pain
Leptospira interrogansSpirochete, Gram NegativeLeptospirosisFever, headaches, chills, sore, muscles, vomiting, jaundice, red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rashes.
Listeria monocytogenesBacillus, Gram PositiveListeriosisFlu-like symptoms, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Micrococcus luteusCoccus, Gram PositiveMicrococcus infectionOccurs in immunocompromised patients, papule skin lesions
Moraxella catarrhalisCoccus, Gram NegativeOtitis mediaOtalgia (ear ache), fever, and hearing loss.
Mycobacterium aviumintracellulareBacillus, Gram Positive/Acid FastParatuberculosis (Johne's disease) in cattle onlyPeyer’s patches formation in ileum, malabsorption of nutrients, diarrhea, and weight loss.
Mycobacterium bovisBacillus, Gram Positive/Acid FastTuberculosisWeight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, painful cough, bloody sputum and chest pain.
Mycobacterium lepraeBacillus, Gram Positive/Acid FastHansen's Disease (leprosy)Numbness, maiming skin lesions, joint pain, and weakness.
Mycobacterium tuberculosisBacillus, Gram Positive/Acid FastTuberculosis *primary etiological agent of this diseaseWeight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, painful cough, bloody sputum and chest pain.
Mycoplasma genitaliumPleomorphicNon-gonococcal urethritisWomen: Vaginal itching, inflamed cervix, and painful intercourse. Men: Urethritis. Both: Discharge and burning urination
Mycoplasma hominisPleomorphicUrinary tract infectionDysuria, pelvic pain, urgency, and frequency.
Mycoplasma pneumoniaePleomorphicPneumoniaCough, sore throat, low-grade fever, headache and ear pain.
Neisseria gonorrhoeaeCoccus, Gram NegativeGonorrhea (STI)Men: Discharge and dysuria. Women: Often asymptomatic, vaginal discharge, dysuria, and abdominal pain.
Neisseria meningitidisCoccus, Gram NegativeMeningococcal meningitisSevere headache, neck stiffness, high fever.
Nocardia asteroidesMycelial/Filamentous, Gram Positive/Acid FastOpportunistic Nocardia InfectionPneumonia and encephalitis
Nocardia brasiliensisMycelial/FIlamentous, Gram Positive/Acid FastNocardiosis (Pulmonary nocardiosis)Chest pain, bloody cough, fever, night sweat, and weight loss.
Pasteurella multocidaBacillus, Gram NegativePasteurellosisSwelling, fever, vomiting, headache, diarrhea.
Porphyromonas gingivalisBacillus, Gram NegativeGingivitis periodontitisBleeding gums, tooth ligament lesions and tooth loss
Propionibacterium acnesBacillus, Gram NegativeAcne vulgarisFormations of skin cysts, papules and nodules.
Proteus mirabilisBacillus, Gram NegativeUrinary tract infectionHigh urease production, urgency, and burning upon urination
Providencia stuartiiBacillus, Gram NegativeUrinary tract infectionHigh urease production, urgency, and burning upon urination
Pseudomonas aeruginosaBacillus, Gram NegativePseudomonas aeruginosa infectionOccurs in immunocomprimised patients, burn and blood stream infection.
Rickettsia rickettsiiBacillus, Gram NegativeRocky mountain spotted feverVector: Tick. Chills, fever, headache, confusion, and rash.
Salmonella typhiBacillus, Gram NegativeTyphoid; Typhoid feverHigh fever, headache, fatigue, sore throat, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rash
Salmonella typhimuriumBacillus, Gram NegativeGasteroenteritisSevere diarrhea
Serratia marcescensBacillus, Gram NegativeUrinary tract infectionHigh urease production, urgency, and burning urination.
Shigella dysenteriaeBacillus, Gram NegativeShigellosisAcute abdominal cramping, fever, bloody stool, tenesmus (rectal pain), and nausea.
Shigella flexneriaBacillus, Gram NegativeShigellosisAcute abdominal cramping, fever, bloody stool, tenesmus (rectal pain), and nausea.
Shigella sonneiBacillus, Gram NegativeShigellosisAcute abdominal cramping, fever, bloody stool, tenesmus (rectal pain), and nausea.
Sprillum minorSpirillum, Gram NegativeRat bite feverVector: Rat. Inflammation and pus formation at infection site, recurrent fever, and enlarged lymph nodes.
Staphylococcus aureusCoccus, Gram PositiveStaphylococcus infectionToxic shock syndrome: High fever, low blood pressure, confusion, and coma. MRSA: Pus, fever, skin abscess formation, and painful swelling
Staphylococcus epidermidisCoccus, Gram PositiveMostly nonpathogenicNormal skin flora
Staphylococcus saprophyticusCoccus, Gram PositiveUrinary tract infectionDysuria, pelvic pain, urgency, and frequency.
Streptococcus mutansCoccus, Gram PositiveDental CariesTooth pain and permanent damage to tooth.
Streptococcus pneumoniaeCoccus, Gram PositivePneumoniaDry cough, fatigue, chest pain, fever, loss of appetite, and aches.
Streptococcus pyogenesCoccus, Gram PositivePharyngitis (strep throat)Fever, red sore throat with white patches, headache, nausea, swollen neck lymph nodes, and difficulty swallowing.
Streptomyces coelicolorMycelial/Filamentous, Gram NegativeNon-pathogenicSoil microorganisms
Streptomyces griseusMycelial/Filamentous, Gram NegativeNon-pathogenicSoil microorganisms; Used in antibiotic production
Treponema pallidumSpirochete, Gram NegativeSyphilis (STI)Primary: Skin lesion at infection site. Secondary: Mucous membrane lesions, skin rash, fever, and weight loss. Latent: Asymptomatic. Tertiary: Formation of gummas (Soft infiltrative tumors)
Ureaplasma urealyticumPleomorphic, Gram NegativeUreaplasma urealyticum infectionInfertility, recurrent pregnancy loss, pelvic pain, and menstrual disruption.
Vibrio choleraeVibrio, Gram NegativeCholeraSevere and watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, dehydration, and shock.
Vibrio parahaemolyticusVibrio, Gram NegativeFood poisoning (gastroenteritis)Watery diarrhea, abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills.
Yersinia enterocoliticaBacillus, Gram NegativeYersiniosisFever, abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea.
Yersinia pestisBacillus, NegativePlague (Black death)Vector: Flea. Bubonic plague (rare): High fever chills, malaise, nausea, myalgia, severe, seizures, and bubo (smooth painful lymph swelling) formation. Complications can lead to death. Pneumonic plague (rare): Cough with bloody sputum, difficulty breathing, high fever, nausea and vomiting, weakness. Respiratory complications can be fatal.
Yersinia pseudotuberculosisBacillus, NegativePseudotuberculosisFever, abdominal pain, and rash