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Coming of Europeans

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santhoshv339's version from 2017-02-07 16:36

Portugese

Question Answer
How did India connect to Europe before 15th Century ?land route either through the Oxus valley or Syria or Egypt
Who discovered new sea route via the Cape of Good Hope from europe to India ? Vasco da Gama in 1498 also came in 1502
Who received Vasco da Gama ?Zamorin, ruler of Calicut
Who arrived in India in 1500 ?Pedro Alvarez Cabral
Where did portugese initially establish trading centres ?Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin
Who was first governor of the Portuguese in India ?Francis de Almeida
Who was made the governor of the Portuguese territories in India 1509 ?Albuquerque
Albuquerque captured Bijapur from ?Ruler of Bijapur in 1510 (After this Goa became capital of portugese territories in India)
Which other countries did Albuquerque capture ?Malacca and Ceylon
How did Albuquerque strengthen portugese position in India ?built a fort at Calicut. He encouraged his countrymen to marry Indian women
The successors of Albuquerque established portugese settlements in ?Daman, Salsette and Bombay on the west coast and at San Thome near Madras and Hugli in Bengal on the east coast
Which settlements did portugese hold after losing many ?Goa, Diu and Dama
memorize

The Dutch

Question Answer
The Dutch East India Company was established in1602
The merchants of Dutch East India Company established their settlements at ?Masulipattinam, Pulicat, Surat, Karaikal, Nagapattinam, Chinsura and Kasimbazar
Which was the main centre of Dutch ?Pulicat and was later replaced by Nagapattinam
memorize

The English

Question Answer
The English East India Company was established in ?1600
Who issued a charter ?Queen Elizabeth of England
Who arrived at the royal court of Jahangir in 1609 to seek permission to establish English trading centre at Surat ?Captain Hawkins
Was permission granted to British initially by Jahangir to set up factory at surat ?No was refused by the Mughal Emperor due to Portuguese pressure. Later in 1612, Jahangir issued a farman (permission letter) to the English and they established a trading factory at Surat in 1613
Who came to Court of jahangir in 1615 as ambassador of James I to establish trading factories in different parts of India ?Sir Thomas Roe
Where did English establish various factories at after obtaining permission from Jahangir ?Agra, Ahmadabad, Baroda and Broach by 1619
From whom did the English East India Company acquire Bombay ?from Charles II, the then king of England
In 1639, Francis Day founded the city of ?Madras where the Fort St. George was built
In 1690, an English factory was established at a place called ?Sutanuti by Job Charnock
Sutanuti later developed into the city of ?Calcutta where Fort William was built
memorize

The French

Question Answer
The French East India Company was formed in and by whom ?1664 by Colbert, a Minister under Louis XIV
The first French factory in India was established at and by whom ?Surat by Francis Caron
Who set up a factory at Masulipattinam ?Maracara
Who founded Pondicherry in 1673 ?Francois Martin
What were some french territories in India ? Chandranagore, Mahe and Karaikal
Who was the first governor of Pondicherry ? Francois Martin
memorize

The Danes

Question Answer
Which settlement by Danes was founded in 1620 ?Tranquebar
Which settlement in Bengal was important for Danes ?Serampore (their HQ in India)
When did Danes lose all their territories to British ?1845
memorize

The Carnatic Wars

Question Answer
The downfall of the Mughal Empire led to the independence of ?Deccan under Nizam-ul-Mulk
The Carnatic region also formed part of ?Nizam’s dominion(The ruler of the Carnatic accepted the suzerainty of the Nizam)
When did Austrian War of Succession break in Europe ?1740 where England and France were in the opposite camps ->Hence conflict in India too
What was the immediate reason for First Carnatic War (1746-1748)?The French governor of Pondicherry, Dupleix opened attack on the English in 1746
With whom did the English seek help from ?Nawab of Carnatic, Anwar Uddin
French concluded a treaty with his rival of Anwar Uddin ?Chanda Sahib
Who won in the Battle of Adyar, near Madras ?The English army
Which treaty was concluded in 1748 to end the Austrian Succession War ?Treaty of Aix-la-Chappelle (Thus ended First Carnatic war)
What was the reason for Second Carnatic war (1749-1754) ?English and French continued to take opposite sides in the internal politics of India
Whom did Dupleix support and why (in relatin to Carnatic War II)?Muzafar Jang, who wanted to become the Nizam of Hyderabad and Chanda Sahib, an aspirant for the throne of Arcot
Who defeated Anwar Uddin, who was with the British in the First Carnatic war ?The troops of Muzafar Jang, Chanda Sahib and French in the Battle of Ambur in 1749
What happended after the victory of French led trio in Battle of Ambur ? Muzafar Jung became the Nizam and Chanda Sahib the Nawab of Arcot - Muhammad Ali, son of Anwar Uddin escaped to Tiruchirappalli. The English sent troops in support of him
What did British commander Robert Clive do (in relation to Carnatic War II ) ?captured Arcot and also inflicted a severe defeat on the French at Kaveripakkam - Chanda Sahib was captured and beheaded in Tanjore
Who replaced Dupleix as French governor near the end of Carnatic War II ?Godeheu
Which treaty ended Carnatic War II ?Treaty of Pondicherry in 1754
What was the reason for Third Carnatic War (1758-1763) ? The outbreak of the Seven Years War (1756-1763) in Europe
Who was the commander of French troops during 3rd Carnatic war ?Count de Lally
Who defeated Count de Lally at Wandiwash in 1760 ?The British General Sir Eyre
Which territory of French was captured and destroyed by British in 1761 ?Pondicherry
The Third Carnatic war along with the 7 year war in Europe ended with the treaty of ?Treaty of Paris in 1763
After the end of 3rd Carnatic war French agreed to confine its activities in ?Pondicherry, Karaikkal, Mahe and Yenam
What were the causes for the French failure ?1) Commercial and naval superiority of the English 2) Lack of support from french government 3) French had support only in the Deccan but the English had a strong base in Bengal 4) English had three important ports – Calcutta, Bombay and Madras but French had only Pondicherry 5) Difference of opinion between the French Generals 6) England’s victory in the European wars decided the destiny of the French in India
memorize

Establishment of British Power in Bengal

Question Answer
What led to the Battle of Plassey 1757 ?The conflict between the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula and the English
Who won Battle of Plassey and why ?British due to the treachery of Mir Jabar, the Commander of Nawab’s army
Battle of Buxar in 1764 was fought between ?the English and the combined forces of Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the Nawab of Bengal in the
Who was appointed as the Governor of Benga 1765 ?Robert Clive
In 1765 which treaty was concluded by which the Mughal Emperor granted the Diwani rights to the English East India Company ?Treaty of Allahabad
memorize