noxabimu's version from 2015-11-09 06:33


By the end of the 1920s it became apparent to the Russians that their agricultural industry was severely inadequate to provide for the nation's needs. In response to this, Stalin introduced collective farming as part of a 5 year plan to further industrialize the USSR. Collectivisation was the joining of peasants farms together at an average of around 1000 acres each in an effort to improve production. The peasants, under this system, had to hand their land over to the state, receives regulations on their food consumption and production and their produce was sent to feed the workers of those in factories. Collectivisation became compulsory in 1930, however the peasants strongly disagreed with this idea, especially the Kulaks, which were a group of more wealthy peasants who were stable in their farming and were reluctant to hand this success over to the state and only be allowed a quota of what they had. The idea behind collectivisation was to create a less separated society whereby all the peasants were more equal in order to match the Marxist Doctrine and ideals of the communist nation. Collectivisation had the reverse effect as peasants cared less for land that wasn't theirs, so began to burn their land and livestock in retaliation. This created a shortage in agricultural supplies and while the agricultural industry drastically suffered, industrialization improved as farms lost their work and around 20 million peasants migrated to the urban areas to work in factories from 1926 to 1939. A total of around 5 million Russians died of starvation because of this farming method. Stalin blamed the kulaks for the failure of collectivisation and the downfall in production and began to implement the terror of the 1930s, which began the opening of the gulags and the declaration of war against them. The gulags sere Russian labour camps which by 1926 held over 5 million prisoners. While in these labour camps prisoners felled timber, carried out construction projects on canals and railroads and mines. Prisoners had no choice but to work under the threat of execution or starvation and because of the long hours, harsh climate and lack of food as well as the executions that 10% of the population in the gulags was killed each year. The total number of deaths in the Gulag from 1918 to 1956 were around 15 to 30 million. Though collectivisation was a consequence of the Revolution it carried its own severe consequences. While the autocracy of the monarchy was a thing of the past, the Totalitarian ideals of the Bolsheviks were now causing fear and crisis, famine in Russia, far worse than anything under the Tsarist regime.