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Cold War Timeline

Updated 2007-05-10 23:04

Cold War Timeline

1945Yalta Conference Cold War Begins
1945United States first used atomic bomb in war
1945Russia enters war against Japan
1945Japanese surrender End of World War II
1946Winston Churchill delivers "Iron Curtain" Speech
1947Truman declares active role in Greek Civil War
1947Marshall Plan is announced
1948Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia
1948Berlin Blockade begins
1949NATO ratified
1949Berlin Blockade ends
1949Mao Zedong, a Communist, takes control of China
1949Soviets explode first atomic bomb
1950Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt
1950Korean War begins
1951Federal Civil Defense Administration established
1953Rosenberg executions
1953Korean War ends
1954KGB established
1954CIA helps overthrow unfriendly regimes in Iran and Guatemala
1954Vietnam split at 17th parallel
1955Warsaw Pact formed
1956Rebellion put down in Communist Hungary. Egypt took control of Suez Canal; U.S. refused to help take it back
1957Sputnik launched into orbit
1958Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin
1959Cuba taken over by Fidel Castro
1959Khrushchev visits United States; denied access to Disneyland
1960Soviet Union reveals that U.S. spy plane was shot down over Soviet territory
1960John F. Kennedy elected President
1961Bay of Pigs invasion
1961Kennedy requests 25% spending increase for military
1961Berlin border closed
1961Construction of Berlin Wall begins
1962U.S. involvement in Vietnam increased
1962Cuban Missile Crisis
1963Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ratified
1963President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas
1964Gulf of Tonkin incident

Cold War Timeline 1965-

1965U.S. Marines sent to Dominican Republic to fight Communism
1965Announcement of dispatching of 150,000 U.S. troops to Vietnam
1968North Korea captured U.S.S. Pueblo
1968Soviet troops crush Czechoslovakian revolt
1969Apollo 11 lands on the moon
1970President Nixon extends Vietnam War to Cambodia
1972SALT I signed
1973Cease fire in Vietnam between North Vietnam and United States
1973United States helps overthrow Chile government
1973Egypt and Syria attack Israel; Egypt requests Soviet aid
1974President Nixon resigns
1975North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam
1979SALT II signed
1979Shah of Iran overthrown; Iranian Hostage Crisis
1983President Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative
1983U.S. troops overthrow regime in Grenada
1985Iran-Contra Affair (arms sold to Iran, profits used to support contras in Nicaragua)
1985Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to power in Soviet Union
1986Gorbachev ends economic aid to Soviet satellites
1986Reagan and Gorbachev resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe
1986Iran-Contra Affair revealed to public
1987Reagan and Gorbachev agree to remove all medium and short-range nuclear missiles by signing treaty
1989Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan
1989China puts down protests for democracy; Poland becomes independent
1989Hungary becomes independent
1989Berlin Wall falls
1989Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania; Soviet empire ends
1990Lithuania becomes independent
1990Boris Yeltsin elected to presidency of Russia
1990Germany reunited
1991Warsaw Pact ends
1991End of Soviet Union Cold War Ends