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Cognitive Deficits adult

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jaysica2014's version from 2017-07-08 21:56

Section 1

Question Answer
ability to gather info and apply it to occupationcognition
cognition pyramid (bottom to top)orientation/attention, memory, executive functioning, reasing/problem solving, insight/awareness, judgement, sequence, dyscalcula
orientation questionswhats name, where are you, what time is it
awareness of position within a placetopographical orientation
allows one to focus on environemtnal info and sensationsattention
focus on task/other stimulus over time or until itsc ompletemaintatined attention/sustained attention
unconsciously filtering out many stimuli int he environment to attend to the stimuli thats importantignoring non relevant stimuli/selective attention
allows one to respond to 2+ tasks simulatneouslyshifting attention/divideded/altering attention
pay complete attention at same timedivded
ignore one or the otheralternating
requires undistractied focused attentionconcentration
STM time30 seconds
stored for retrieval to STM LTM
ability to recite or reprodcue infodeclarative memroy
knowledge of personal info/hxepisodic
knowledge of facts about world by grouopssematic
memory for skill/action (know how to complete a task)procedural memory
ability to remember inf pertinent to everydayeverday memory
remember events that are set to occur in fututreprospective memoery
filling gaps of memory with imaginary materialconfabulation
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
higher order reasoning and planning functionsexecutive
repeated motor acts; dififcutly in shifting from one respons pattern to anotherperservation
beginning a task before making a planimpulsivity
relationshipo between obj, event, idea to discrimate relevent detailsabstract thinking
complex process inovles many skilsproblem solving
ability ot monitor, correct, and regulate quality of behaviorinsight
identify and recognize behaviorawareness
inabiltiy to recognize deficitsanosognsia
recognize and discuss moodd swings and inapprorate behavor but cant control thememotional lability
judgement deficitscant use feedback to correct errors
sequence deficitsdifficulty w/organizing task in logical sequence
dyscalcula inability to add/subtract; decreased reasoning ability (make change when shopping)
alexiadifficutly reading numbers
agraphiadifficulty writing numbers
spatial dyscalculadifficutly with spatial arragnemtn of numbers
transfer training approachjus right challenge
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
adaptive apprach examples for cognitionwritten reminders, sequence list, what if scenarios, color coding
intervention for orientationtraining, repetition, reality oreintation, reminiscence
intervention for attentionoptimal environemnt (low to high stimulus), time (short to long) complex (simple to hard), familiarty, verbal cues
intervention for memoryidentify learning style, internal/external strategies
using ones mental effort (chunking, association, rehearsal, imagery)internal
provided by practitioner; verbal cues, notebooks, memory aidsexternal
skill which one identifies something seen in pastrecognition
chunk infocategorization
behavior issues are due tolack of insight/judgment
behavioral managemetn strategeistime-out, direct feedback, quiet area, monitor tone
memorize