CO - Terms

drraythe's version from 2015-04-18 17:09


Question Answer
Awithout, lacking (Asystole)
Abaway from (Abarticular)
Adtoward (Adduct)
Anaup, again, backward, excessively (Anadipsia)
Antebefore (Antemortem)
Anti/Contraagainst (Antiadrenergic, antiarthritic)
Apoupon; seporated from; derived from (Apocrine)
Autoself (Autoagglutination, autoimmune)
Bitwo (Biped)
Bradyslow (Bradycardia)
Catadown (Catabolic)
Contraagainst (Contraception)
Defrom, down from, lack of (Depigmentation)
Ditwo, apart, separated (Diamniotic, dicephalous)
Diathorough, complete (Dialysis)
Disto undo, free from, reversal, separation, duplication (Disarticulate)
Dysbad, disordered, difficult, labored, painful, abnormal (Dysplasia, dystocia)

Section 2

Question Answer
Ect, Ecto, Ex, Exoouter, outside (Ectoparasite)
End, Endo, Entwithin, inner (Endocarditis)
Epiom, upon, over (Epidermal)
Esoinward, within (Esogastritis, esotropia)
Eunormal, good, well, easy (Eudipsia, euthermic)
Extraoutside of, beyond (Extralesional, extrahepatic)
Hemihalf (Hemihyperplasia, hemiplegia)
Hyp, Hypounder, deficient (Hyponatremia)
Hyperabove, beyond, excessive (Hyperkalemia)
Inin, within, into; not (In vivo; Inappetence)
Infrabeneath, below (Infraorbital)
Interbetween (Intermandibular)
Intrawithin (Intramural, intramammary preparation)
Leukowhite (Leukocyte)
Malbad (Maldigestion)
Mesomiddle (Mesothelium)
Metaafter; beyond; change (Metacarpus, metagenesis)
Microsmall (Microcephaly, Microcytic anemia)
Multimany (Multinuclear)
Neonew (Neonate)
Nullinone (Nulliparous, nulliparity)

Section 3

Question Answer
Ostafter (Osteolysis)
Panall; total (Pancytopenia)
Parabeside; beyond; around (Paranasal)
Perthrough (Percutaneous)
Periaround (Periarticular)
Polymany; excessive (Polyphagia)
Prebefore; in front of (Prescapular lymphnode)
Probefore (Proelastase, Proinflammatory)
Reback, again (Reconstruction)
Retroback; behind (Retropharyngeal lymphnodes)
Semihalf (Semisynthetic)
Subunder, deficient (Sublingual)
Superover; above (Supersaturated)
Supraabove (Supraorbital, supraanal)
Sym, Syntogether; joined (Symphysis)
Tachyfast; rapid (Tachycardia, Tachypnea)
Transthrough; across; beyond (Transection)
Ultrabeyond; excess (Ultrafiltrate)
Unione (Unicellular)

Clinical Signs Terms

Question Answer
AnesthesiaLoss of feeling or sensation
Anisocoria Unequal sized or asymmetrical pupils
AtrophyDecrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting
BorborygmusA rumbling noise caused by propulsion of gas through the intestines
BradycardiaHeart rate that is slower than normal rate (required rate is species and age specific)
BradypneaRespirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal rate (species and age specific)
CachexiaA profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition (Emaciation)
Cyanotic/ CyanosisA bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes due to excessive concentration of reduced hemoglobin (carboxyhemoglobin) in the blood
DyspneaLabored or difficult breathing; a sign of a veriety of disorders and is primarily an indication of inadequate ventilation, or of insuficient amounts of oxygenation in the circulating blood.
DysuriaPainful or difficult urination
EdemaAn abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cavities and intracellular spaces of the body
EmesisThe act of vomiting.
EpistaxisBleeding from the nose
EupneaNormal, quiet breathing
Fever (pyrexia)Body temperature exceeding normal for age and species, caused by inflammation
FlaccidityThe quality of lack of tone in muscular or vascular organs or tissues
HematemesisThe vomiting of blood (Gastric acid often turns blood into a brown colored gritt, often described as "coffee ground").
HematuriaThe presence of heme in the urine
HematocheziaBlood in the feces
HemoptysisCoughing and spitting of blood as a result of bleeding from any part of the respiratory tract
HyperemiaAn excess of blood in a part
HyperesthesiaA state of abnormally increased sensitivity to stimuli
HyperpneaAbnormal increase in rate and depth of breathing but not to the point of being laboured
HyperthermiaWhole body, regional or localized increased body temperature induced by an external source
HypertrophyIncrease in volume of a tissue or organ produced entirely by enlargement of existing cells.

Section 2

Question Answer
Icterus/ Icteric/ JaundiceYellowness of skin, sclerae, mucous membranes, and excretions due to hyperbilirubinemia and depositions of bile pigments
LymphadenopathyDisease of the lymph nodes
MelenaDarkening of the feces by blood pigments. Typically feces are black with red tinged edges and are soft and slimy
MiosisExcessive contraction of the pupil
Miotic 1. Pertaining to, characterized by or causing miosis. 2. An agent that causes contraction of the pupil.
Mucoid1. Resembling mucus. 2. A mucus-like conjugated protein of animal origin, differing from mucin in solubility
MydriasisGross dilation of the pupil
NystagmusA periodic, rhythmic, invoulntary movement of both eyeballs in unison. There is a slow component in one direction and a quick return. The movement may be vertical, horixontal or rotatary.
OliguriaReduced daily output of urine
ParesisSlight or incomplete paralysis
ParesthesiaMorbid or perverted sensation; an abnormal sensation, as burning, prickling, etc. Difficult to define in animals
PollakiuriaAbnormally frequent passage of urine
PolydipsiaExcessive thirst manifestid by excessive water intake; drinking excessively (water)
PolyphagiaExcessive ingestion of food
PolyuriaThe formation and excretion of a large volume of urine
Reverse SneezingBackwards sneezing or inspiratory paroxysmal respiration. A Phenomenon seen in dogs.
SanguinousComposed of serum and blood
Serous1: Pertaining to serum ; thin and watery, like serum. 2: Producing or containing serum.
SpasticityA state of being spastic. Characterized by spasms of muscles, causeing stiff and awkward movements.
StrabismusDeviation of the eye (one or both, relative to physiological normal position) that the patient can not overcome; squinting.
StranguriaSlow and painful discharge of urine
StridorA shrill, harsh sound, especially the respiratory sound heard during inspiration in laryngeal obstruction.
SyncopeA temporary suspension of consciousness due to cerebral anemia; fainting.
TachycardiaAbnormally rapid heart rate
TachypneaVery rapid respirations. The rate is fast and the depth shallow.
TenesmusIneffectual and painful straining at defecation

Root Words

Question Answer
Ostebone (Osteitis)
Pathdisease (Pathology)
Phageat; swallow (Phagocyte)
Phlebvein (Phlebotomy)
Ptosisdropping; sagging; prolapse (Ptosis of the eyelid)
Poligrey matter (Polioencephalopathy)
Pypus (Pyometra)
Pyelrenal pelvis (Pyelonephritis)
Pyrfever (Pyrexia)
Rhinnose (Rhinitis)
Vesicbladder; sac (Vesicle)
Viscerinternal organs (Visceral pain)
Xanthyellow (Xanthochromic)

Section 1

Question Answer
Adengland (Adenoma)
Algesipain (Analgesia)
Blephareyelid (Blepharoplasty)
Cardioheart (Cardiomyopathy)
Cephalhead (Hepatoencephalopathy)
Cholgall; bile (Cholilithiasis)
Cholangibile duct (Cholangitis)
Dermskin (Dermatology)
Dipsthirst (Polydipsia)
Ectoplocated away from usual place (Ectopic pregnancy)
Enter/ Enterointestines (Enteritis)
Episivulva (Episiotomy)
Erythrblood (Erythrocyte)
Gastrstomach (Gastritis)
Gluc/Glycsugar (Glucose/ glycogen)
Hem/Hemat/Hemoblood (Hematology)
Hepatliver (Hepatitis)
Heterother (Heterosexual)
Hidrsweat (anhidrosis)
Histtissue (Histology)
Hom/Homesame/sameness; unchanging (Homogenous)
Hydrwater (dehydrated)
Hypnsleep (Hypnosis)

Section 2

Question Answer
Iatrmedicine; physician (Iatragenic)
Irid/Iriiris (Iriditis)
Kalpotassium (hyperkalemia)
Karynucleus (Karyotyping)
Lacrimtear duct; tear (Lacrimation)
Lactmilk (Lactation)
Leismooth (Leiomyoma)
Lingutongue (Lingual)
Mucmucus (mucocutaneous)
Mycfungus (Mycotic infection)
Myelbone marrow; spinal cord (Osteomyelitis/ Myeloencephalitis)
Myelonbone marrow (Osteomyelitis)
Myos/ Mymuscles (Myocyte)
Nephrkidney (Nephropathy)
Oligscanty/ few (Oliguria)

CO Procedures

Question Answer
AuscultationListening for sounds produced within the body , helping to ascertain the condition of the thoraracic and abdominal viscera; it may be direct auscultation of aided by a stethoscope.
BallottementA palpatory maneuver to test for a floating object, or a mass contained in fluid. It is especially used for detecting pregnancy by pushing the fist/ fingertips into the abdominal wall, causeing the fetus to move from and quickly return to the fist or fingers.
ObservationSomething perceived by the senses of the clinician, eg: pallor of mucosae, as distinct from an interpretation of what is sensed, eg: anemia.
PalpationThe technique of examining parts of the body by touching and feeling them.
PercussionA technique of striking a part of the body with short, sharp blows of the fingers in order to determine the size, position and density of the underlying parts by the sound obtained.
SuccussionShaking of the body or part of it to elicit a sound.