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CNS#3 malformations

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britt611's version from 2017-02-03 23:49

Section 1

Question Answer
What are 2 examples of malformation that affect CNS function
where can malformation occur?
where is the most common malformation located?
how do malformations in the vertebral column and spinal cord effect eachother
What are 4 examples of neural tube closure defects
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
define myelodysplasia and which 2 species is it more common in?
what are clinical signs of myelodysplasia?
why does myelodyspasia occur?
What is the prognosis of myelodysplasia
how do you diagnose myelodysplasia
define spina bifida
Meningocele vs meningomyelocele
are spina bifida usually functional or non functional?
Define carnium bifidum
what can carnium bifidum lead to?
define meningoencephalocele
define exencephaly
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
define lissencephaly and what speceis is it more common in
why is a common presentation / complaint an O has of a dog with lissencephaly
what animal is lissencephally a normal condition in?
What CNS malformation is most common in Manx cats?
What CNS malformation is most common in english bulldogs
What CNS malformation is most common in burmese cats
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Define kyphosis
define lordosis
define scolisis
do kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis always result in a spinal cord dysfunction
What is the most common mechansim by which skeletal abnormalitis result in CNS dysfunction when the CNS is not malformed?
what is the most common caudal cranial or vertebral malformation causing spinal cord disease in horses?
What malfromation is inherited in arabian horses?
define OAAM and what animal do you see it in?
what are the clinical signs of OAAM
what is the most common caudal cranial or vertebral malformation causing spinal cord disease in toy breeds?
what is the most common caudal cranial or vertebral malformation causing spinal cord disease in great dane and doberman pinscher dogs
in what age groups will signs of caudal cranial or vertebral malformation typically appear
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Section 5

Question Answer
What symptoms do you see in lesions in C1-C5?
what symptoms do you see in lesions in C6-T2?
what symptoms do you see in lesions in T3-L3
what symptoms do you see in lesion in L4-S1
what symptoms do you see in lesion in S1-Cd
memorize