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Clinical Manifestations of electrolyte imblances

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vezokelu's version from 2016-10-29 17:10

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Question Answer
hyponatremialethargy, confusion, weakness, seizures, muscle cramping, anorexia, nausea, vomiting
hypernatremiathirst, dry sticky mucous, weakness, elevated temperature, severe: decreased LOC, hallucinations, convulsions, confusion, irritability
hypokalemiaweak/irregular pulse, cardiac arrhythmia, fatigue, lethargy, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness and cramping, decreased peristalsis/ hypo active bowel sounds, paresthesia, increased risk for digitalis toxicity
hyperkalemiaanxiety, irritability, confusion, arrhythmia, bradycardia, heart block, muscles weakness, paresthesia, abdominal cramping
hypocalcemiaconfusion, anxiety, numbness and tingling in extremities, muscle cramps that progress to tetany and convulsions, hyperactive reflexes, cardiac dysrhymias, positive Chvostek and Trousseau signs
hypercalcemialethargy, stupor, coma, decreased muscle strength and tone, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, pathologic fractures, renal calculi, dysrhymias
hypomagnesiumhyperactive deep tendon reflexes, irritable nerves and muscles, seizures, dysrhythmias (esp tachy), ECG changes, altered LOC, mood swings, delusions, hallucinations, dysphagia, nausea, vomiting
hypermagnesiumwarm flushed appearance, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, lethargy, decreased muscle strength, generalized weakness, decreased deep tendon reflexes, hypotension, bradycardia, heart block, slow shallow respirations
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