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Clin O - Terms

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drraythe's version from 2015-06-08 22:48

Section 1

Question Answer
Anesthesia Loss of feeling or sensation
Anisocoria Unequal sized or a symmetrical pupils
AnuriaComplete suppression of urine formation by the kidney
AtrophyDecrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue, wasting
BorborygmusA rumbling noise caused by propulsion of gas through the intestines
BradycardiaHeart rate is slower than normal rate
BradypneaRespirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal rate
CachexiaA profound and marked of constitutional disorder, general ill health
Cyanotic/CyanosisA bluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes due to excessive concentration of reduced hemoglobin in blood (carboxyhemoglobin)
DyspneaLabored of difficult breathing (inadequate ventilation or insufficient amount of O2 in blood)
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Section 2

Question Answer
Dysuria Pain or difficult urination
EdemaAn abnormal accumulation of fluid in cavities and intracellular spaces in body
EmesisThe act of vomiting
Epistaxis Bleeding from the nose
EupneaNormal, quiet breathing
Fever (pyrexia)Body temperature exceeding normal for age and species, caused by inflammation
FlaccidityThe quality of lack of tone in muscular or vascular organs or tissues
HematemesisVomiting of blood
HematuriaThe presence of heme in urine
HematocheziaBlood in the feces
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Section 3

Question Answer
HemoptysisBlood in sputum
Hyperemia An excess of blood in a part
HyperesthesiaAbnormally increased sensitivity to stimuli
Hypernea Abnormal increase in rate and depth of breathing not labored
HyperthermiaIncreased body temp
HypertrophyIncrease in volume of a tissue or organ produced entirely by enlargement of existing
Icterus, jaundiceYellowness of skin, mucous membranes, excretions
Lymphadenopathydisease of lymph nodes
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Section 4

Question Answer
MelenaDarkening of the feces by blood pigments
MiosisExcessive contraction of pupil
MioticCausing miosis, agent
MucoidResembling mucus
MydriasisGross dilation of pupil
Nystagmus Involuntary movement of eye
Oliguria Reduced daily output of urine
Paresisweakness, slight paralysis
Paresthesia Morbid or perverted sensation, burning/prickling
Pollakiuria Abnormally frequent passage of urine
Polydipsia Excessive thirst manifested by excessive water intake
PolyphagiaExcessive ingestion of food
PolyuriaLarge amounts of urine
Reverse sneezing inspiratory, dogs
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Section 5

Question Answer
SanquinousComposed of serum and blood
SerousPertaining to or producing serum
SpasticityCauses stiff awkward movements, spastic
StertorSnoring
Strabismus Deviation of the eve from normal position
StranguriaSlow painful discharge of urine
Stridor A shrill harsh sound during inspiration, laryngeal obstruction
SyncopeTemporary suspension of consciousness due to cerebral anemia; fainting
TachycardiaRapid heart rate
TachypneaRapid respirations, fast and shallow
Tenesmus painful straining at defecation
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Section 6

Question Answer
Auscultation Listening for sounds produced in body
Ballottement A palpation maneuver to test for floating objects
Observation Something perceived by sense of clinician
PalpationTechnique of examining parts of body by touching
Percussionstriking a part to determine size, position and density
Succussion Shaking of body to elicit a sound
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Section 7

Question Answer
AdenGland: Adenoma
AlgesiPain: Analgesia
Blephar Eyelid: Pleharoplasty
CardioHeart: Cardiomyopathy
CephalHead: Hepatoencehalopathy
Chol Gall, bile: Cholilithiasis
CholangiBile duct: Cholangitis
DermSkin: Dermatology
DipsThirst: Polydipsia
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Section 8

Question Answer
Ectoplocated away from usual place: Ectopic pregnancy
Enter/ entero Intestines: Enteritis
EpisiVuvla: Episiotomy
ErythrBlood: Erythrocyte
GastrStomach: Gastritis
Gluc/ Glyc Sugar/ glucose
Hem/ Hemat/ HemoBlood: Hematology
Hepat Liver: Hepatitis
HeterOther: Heterosexual
HidrSweat: Anhidrosis
HistTissue: Histology
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Section 9

Question Answer
Hom/ Home Unchanging: Homogenous
HydrWater: Dehydrated
HypnSleep: Hypnosis
IatrMedicine, Physician: Iatragenic
Irid/ IriIris: Iriditis
KalPotassium: Hyperkalemia
KaryNucleus: Karyotyping
LacrimTear duct, tear: Lacrimation
LactMilk: Lactation
LeiSmooth: Leiomyoma
LinguTongue: Lingual
MucMucus: Mucocutaneous
MycFungus: Mycotic infection
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Section 10

Question Answer
MyelBone marrow, spinal cord: Osteomyelitis
MyelonBone marrow: Osteomyelitis
Myos/ MyMuscle: Myocyte
NephrKidney: Nephropathy
OligScanty, few: oliguria
OsteBone: Osteitis
PathDisease: Pathology
PhagEat, Shallow: Phagocyte
PhlebVein: Phlebotomy
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Section 11

Question Answer
PtosisDropping, sagging: Ptosis of eyelid
PoliGrey Matter: Polioencephalopathy
PyPus: Pyometra
PyelRenal: Pyelonephritis
Pyr fever: pyrexia
RhinNose: Rhinitis
VesicBladder, sac: Vesicle
ViscerOrgans internal: visceral pain
XanthYellow: Xanthochromic
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Section 12

Question Answer
A without, lacking
Abaway from
AdTowards
Anaup, again, backward
AnteBefore
Anti/ contraAgaint
ApoDerived from
Auto Self
BiTwo
Brady Slow
CataDown
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Section 13

Question Answer
De From, down from, lacking
DiTwo, separated
DiaThorough, Complete
DisTo undo, duplication
DysBad, difficult, labored
Ect, Ect, Ex, ExoOut, outside
End, endo, entInward, within
EuNormal, good
ExtraBeyond
hemiHalf
Hyp, hypoDeficient
HyperExcessive
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Section 14

Question Answer
Primary lesionInitial eruption that occurs due to an underlying disease which occurs spontaneously
Secondary lesionLesions which evolve from a primary lesion or are caused by an exogenus factor
Scale Accumulation of cornified cells
CrustComposed of dried exudate, blood, pus, serum
AlopeciaHair loss
ComedoDilated follicle filled with cells/ sebaceous secretions
Hyperpigmentation increased melanin
Hypopigmentationloss of epidermal melanin
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Section 15

Question Answer
Macule Non-raised, circumscribed, area of discoloration 1cm diameter
PatchSimilar to macule but larger
PapuleSolid erythematous elevation of skin
PlaqueFlat topped elevation of skin, larger than papule
PustuleSmall, Circumscribed elevation filled with pus preceded by papule
TumorMass of varying size
Nodule Elevation
Abscess Accumulation of pus within dermis
Vesicle Elevation of dermis filled with clear tissue
BullaVesicle larger than 1 cm
Cyst Cavity filled with fluid or solid material
Wheal Circumscribed, edematous raised lesion
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Section 16

Question Answer
Epidermal Collarette Circular ridge of scale that represents remnants of a pustule, papule, vesicle
ScarArea of fibrous tissue at site of previous trauma
Erosion Superficial within epidermis that does
Ulcer Deep lesion through epidermis into dermis
FissureLinear lesions through epidermis
ExcoriationSelf inflicted lesion (biting, scratching)
Lichenificationthickening and hardening of the skin markings
HyperkeratosisThickened horny layer of epidermis
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Section 17

Question Answer
Lyticreduce, destroy
MalaciaSoftening
ManiaMadness: insane desire
MegalyEnlargement
MeterInstrument used to measure
MetryMeasurement
MorphForm Shape
OidResembling
OlogistOne who studies practices
OlogyStudy of
Omatumor
oorhagiarapid flow of blood
OpiaVision
Opsyto view
OrrhapySuturing, repairing
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Section 18

Question Answer
OrrheaFLow, excessive discharge
OsisAbnormal condition
Ostomycreate an artificial opening
Otomycut, incision
OxiaOxygen
PathyDisease
PeniaLack of
Pepsiadigestion
PexySurgical fixation
PhoniaSound
Phoriafeeling
PhysisGrowth
PlasiaFormation
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Section 19

Question Answer
PlasmGrowth, substance
PlastySurgical shaping
PneaBreathing
PoiesisFormation
ptysisspitting
Prandialpassage
Praxiain front of
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