CJC Module 1

jeepgirl94's version from 2015-09-15 03:50


Question Answer
crimeconduct in violation of criminal laws of state, fed, local w/ no legally acceptable excuse.
Individual rightsrights guaranteed to all members of american society by constitution, spec. Bill of Rights.
Justiceprinciple of fairness/moral equity.
social justiceideal that embraces all aspects of civilized life and cultual beliefs of right and wrong
civil justicearray of prcedures and activities having to do with private rights and remedies sought through civil action. linked to social justice.
criminal justicepenal law and actions having to do with enforcement, linked to social justice.
consensus modelperspective that assumes components work together harmoniously to achieve justice. cooperation=justice
conflict modelperspective that components work to serve own interests. Conflicts=justice
components of crim. justice systempolice, corrections, courts
due processright garanteed by 5th, 6th, 14th Amendments to have speed and fairness in proceedings
FBI UCRstatistic reporting program. Publishes Crime in the US which givesa summation of incidence and rate of reported crimes throughtout US.
NIBRScollects detailed data on e very single crime occurance. Replacing the kind of summary done by UCR.
NCVSannual survey of seleceted US households by Bureau of Crime Statistics to determine extent of victimization
terrorismviolent act designed to kill, intimidate, and coerce govn't, populations, or other in furtherance of political/societal objectives.
cyberterrorisma form of terrorism using computers and internet/other technology to plan and carry out attacks.
lawrule of conduct, generally found enacted in form of a statute that prescribes/mandates certain behavior.
stautory lawlaw on the books. Written law.
case lawjudicial precident
common lawbody of law originating from usage and custom rather than written statutes. Unwritten body of judicial opinion, originally developed by English courts.
civil lawgoverns realationships between parties
felonycriminal offense punishable by death/incarceration in prison for at least 1 yr.
misdemeanoroffense punishable by incarceration usually local, for a time deicded by each offense's law (typically 1yr or less)
infractionminor violation of state statute or local ordinance punishable by by fine etc.
mens reaguilty mind
criminal negligencebehavior in which a person fails to reasonably percieve substancial and unjustifiable risks/consequenses.
motivereason for comitting a crime
elements of a crimeessencial features of a crime for it to classify as that type of crime
alibi statement of individual charged with a crime that gives evidence they could not have done the crime.

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