Civil War Test Study Guide

juliannamanore's version from 2017-04-04 05:40

Section 1

Question Answer
Abraham LincolnAn American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the USA, and led the Union to victory in the Civil War
Jefferson DavisA delegate from the seceded state of Mississippi who was elected as President of the Confederacy during the Civil War
General Robert E. LeeA graduate of the US Military Academy at West Point who had served in the Mexican-American War, and had also led federal troops at Harpers Ferry. He later became a general for the Confederate Army
General Ulysses S. GrantA Commanding General who worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to victory in the Civil War. He later became the 18th President of the USA
General William ShermanCarried out the Union plan to destroy the Southern Railroads and industries
General George PickettA general who carried out Lee’s orders to charge the Union line
General George MeadeA Union general who leads the army to victory at Gettysburg, but is later fired
Admiral Davis FarragutNaval leader who led troops in an attempt to destroy two forts in New Orleans
Clara BartonA woman who brought strength and comfort to countless wounded soldiers from the Union Army
General "Stonewall" Jackson A nickname for General Jackson when he was "standing like a stonewall"

Section 2

Question Answer
Emancipation ProclamationA document written by Abraham Lincoln that freed the Confederate slaves
DraftForced military service
Total WarStrategy in which both civilian and military resources are destroyed
Massachusetts 54th RegimentHeroic unit of African American soliders
CopperheadsMid-westerners that sympathized with the South and opposed abolition. They believed that the war was not necessary
IroncladsShips that are heavily armored with iron (newest warship advancement)
Appomattox Courthouse A town where the Union and Confederate leaders met and ended the Civil War (Lee surrendered to Grant)
Wilderness CampaignA series of battles designed to capture the Confederate Capital at Richmond, Virginia
Contrabands Escaped slaves (the War Department gave them the right to join the Union Army in South Carolina)
Pickett's ChargeA disastrous attempt by Pickett’s troops to storm Cemetery Ridge

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