doziwadi's version from 2016-02-15 12:33


The Life and Times of Cicero
106 B.C.Cicero is born in Arpinum.
104 B.C.Cicero's brother Quintus is born.
92 B.C.Cicero and Quintus are sent to Rome to be educated by Lucius Licinius Crassus in oratory, and Quintus Docius Scaevola in law.
90/89 B.C.Military service in the Social War under Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo (Pompey's father).
81 B.C.Sulla's dictatorship.
81 B.C.Cicero's first case, Pro P. Quinctio.
80 B.C.The trial of Sextus Roscius.
80 B.C.Sulla abdicates dictatorship.
79 - 77 B.C.Cicero studies rhetoric in Athens and Rhodes.
79 B.C.Cicero marries Terentia.
78 B.C.Cicero's daughter, Tullia is born.
75 B.C.Cicero's quaestorship, in Western Sicily. He is based in Lilybaeum.
74 - 63 B.C.Third Mithridatic War.
70 B.C.First consulship for Pompey and Crassus. Lex Aurelia passed to have equal numbers of senators, equites and tribuni aerarii in courts.
70 B.C.Against Verres - Cicero prosecutes Verres on charges of extortion and corruption. Crimes include lechery, cancelling inheritances and executing Roman citizens.
69 B.C.Cicero serves as aedile.
67 B.C.Lex Gabinia gives Pompey extraordinary command against the pirates in the Mediterranean. Cicero's position is unclear, but he does speak in favour of deposition of tribune opposing it.
66 B.C.Cicero is praetor, and president of the extortion court.
66 B.C.Lex Manilia gives Pompey extraordinary command against Mithridates, taking over from Lucullus. Cicero speaks in favour, thus alienating optimates.
65 B.C.Cicero's son, Marcus is born.
64 B.C.Cicero is elected consul for the next year, primarily because the optimates fear Catiline and what he would do as consul. Elected alongside the weak Hybrida. Delivers "in oration in toga candida."
63 B.C.Cicero's consulship. The Catiline conspiracy, given the senatus consultum ultimum. Had worn breastplate to elections for 62 and tricked Allobroges. Sentences conspirators to death without trial.
63 B.C.Pompey defeats Mithridates.
63 B.C.Caesar becomes pontifex maximus.
62 B.C.Pompey returns to Italy and disbands his army.
62 B.C.The Bona Dea scandal.
61 B.C.Cicero's ideas about concordia ordinum begin developing.
60 B.C.Formation of the First Triumvirate between Pompey, Crassus and Caesar.
59 B.C.Caesar's consulship. Lex Campania (aids Caesar). Tax rebate to equestrian tax farmers (aids Crassus). Agrarian bill. Eastern settlements ratified (helps Pompey).
59 B.C.Pompey marries Julia, Caesar's daughter.
59 B.C.Caesar assists Clodius in his adoption as a plebeian. Clodius does not follow normal adoption procedure, but instead merely changes his name from "Publius Claudius Pulcher" to "Publius Clodius Pulcher". This shows he cares little about plebeian status, and did this only so he can stand for tribune.
59 B.C.Cicero refuses Caesar's offer to join his Gallic staff, or to go on an official mission.
58 B.C.Caesar begins Gallic campaigns.
58 B.C.The tribunate of Clodius. Collegia legalised. Bill to banish magistrates who have killed Roman citizens without trial.


Question Answer
58 B.C.Cicero exiles self to Greece, and is then officially exiled. His property is seized and/or destroyed.
57 B.C.Cicero recalled from exile. Speaks in favour of Pompey's extraordinary command of grain supply.
57 B.C.Gang warfare: Crassus + Clodius vs. Pompey + Milo.
56 B.C.Conference at Luca. Triumvirate reaffirmed. Pompey + Crassus will stand for consuls, Crassus will stop using Clodius.
55 B.C.Second consulship of Pompey and Crassus. Cicero persuaded to end attack on lex Campania. Caesar's Gallic command extended for five years.
54 B.C."The year that Rome becomes ungovernable"
54 B.C.Increasing unrest. Pompey becomes governor of Spanish province and governs through legates. Crassus goes to his proconsulship in Syria. Julia dies. Cicero retires from politics.
53 B.C.Clodius murdered by Milo. Violence renders elections impossible. Optimates propose Pompey should be sole consul for 52 B.C. Pompey does not marry Octavia. Crassus killed at Carrhae, fighting against the Parthians.
52 B.C.Pompey is sole consul. Pompey marries Cornelia, daughter of Scipio, who is then made co-consul. Cicero reluctantly defends Milo, but fails. Milo goes into exile.
51 B.C.Calls for Caesar's recall, Cicero's governorship of Cilicia.
50 B.C.Cicero returns to Rome. Worsening relations between Pompey and Caesar.
49 B.C.Caesar crosses the Rubicon. Civil war begins. Pompey given control of Republican forces. Pompey leaves for Greece. Cicero supports Pompey. Caesar appointed dictator for 11 days.
48 B.C.Caesar defeats Pompey at Battle of Pharsalus. Pompey killed in Egypt by Ptolemy's forces. Caesar appointed consul + dictator for a year. Cicero joins Pompey's staff after Caesar's attempt at persuasion in letter and at meeting at Formiae. However, Cicero avoided battle and chastised the blood-thirsty men, before staying out of action in Brundisium for 11 months.
47 B.C.Cicero pardoned by Caesar after meeting at Tarentum, retires to writing. Divorces Terentia.
46 B.C.Caesar defeats Pompey's supporters in North Africa. Cato commits suicide. Caesar is appointed consul. Cicero marries + divorces Publilia. Caesar made dictator for ten years.
45 B.C.Caesar defeats Pompey's sons in Spain. Caesar is consul + begins his reforms. Death of Tullia.
44 B.C.Caesar becomes dictator in perpetuity + consul for ten years. Begins preparing for war against the Parthians. Killed on the Ides of March in a conspiracy of 23 headed by Brutus and Cassius. Cicero approves, and opposes Antony having a role in the state. Antony had originally been lenient to conspirators with offers of peaceful removals, but then gave damning speech at Caesar's funeral and the conspirators were forced into exile.
43 B.C.Cicero and the Senate give Octavian propraetorian imperium against Antony. Antony declared hostes after besieging Decimus Brutus. Siege of Antony at Mutina. Octavian's/Republican forces win, but consuls Hirtius and Pansa killed. Cicero snubs Octavian by offering Decimus Brutus a triumph. Octavian marches on Rome and demands consulship, which is rejected. He then enters city and forcibly gains consulship. Cicero delivers the majority of the Philippics. The Second Triumvirate is legally established, consisting of Lepidus, Antony and Octavian. Cicero killed in the proscriptions of the Second Triumvirate.