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CHPT3PtII BPK110

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cvdv32mrq's version from 2017-06-19 08:43

Section

Question Answer
Anabolic'building up’ forming new bonds, larger molecules
Catabolic‘breaking down’ to smaller molecules
Main Energy Form Body Can UseATP When ATP (adenosine triphosphate) loses a phosphate group to become ADP (adenosine diphosphate), energy is released which can be used immediately as needed
In what organelle do most of the reactions of cellular respiration occurmitochondria,
2 Waste product of cellular respirationcarbon dioxide, water
aerobic metabo­lism Metabolism in the presence of oxygen.
anaerobic metabo­lism Metabolism in the absence of oxygen.
What molecule is glucose converted to in glycolysisPyruvate, no oxygen needed, produce minimal ATP
If NO oxygen available what molecule pyruvate converted toLactate is formed (cannot be sustained)
If HAS oxygen available what molecule pyruvate converted toAcetyl CoA is formed
Citric Acid Cycleacetyl CoA combines with a four-carbon sugar called oxaloacetate to form the six- carbon sugar citrate
what other high energy molecules are produce in the Citric Acid CycleGTP
The Electron Transport Chainseries of oxidation (loss of electrons) and reduction (gain of electrons) reactions. As bonds are broken, energy is released, and captured by 30+ molecules of ATP
How is the glycerol molecule used to make ATP after it have been removed from the triglycerideconverted into glucose or pyruvate
Beta-OxidationThe fatty acid molecule is broken down, bit by bit, into two carbon molecules
What happens to the glucose, amino acids and fatty acids that are not used for energy in the bodyGlucose – Forms glycogen • Small energy reserve in the muscle/liver – Forms fatty acids, stored in fat tissue (minor process)Fatty Acids – Stored in fat tissue – May also be used to help form cell membranes, regulatory moleculesAmino Acids – Used to synthesize body proteins (ex. Muscle, enzymes….) – May also be converted into fatty acids, stored in fat tissue
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