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China

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luzubegi's version from 2017-05-28 14:51

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1949Mao Zedong wins the civil war (leader of the People's Republic of China) vs nationalists (leaded by Tchek and was supported by US) China is in a bad state = civil war + japan, Mao needed support to change China
Dec. 1949Mao visited USSR for two months!
Feb. 1950Sino Soviet Agreement = USSR would maintain its privileges in the North East and China would get a 300 million loan and 30 years military support Yet wasn't good enough for Mao, wanted 3 billion
Sino-Soviet friendshipadvisers, technicians from USSR to China to bust China's production => "must go Pekin" a song in both language sang by workers really close friendship
1950-1953Korean Warnorth invaded south (south supported by US, leader was Syngman Rhee) China didn't want to koin but did for security and ideological reasons
June 1950China joined Korean War on USSR side => half a million chinese lost their lives and it destroyed any chance for a USA-China agreement
19545 principles by Zhou to promote a peaceful coexistence (1 territorial integrity and respect + 2Non agression + 3 no interference in foreign affairs + 4 equality and mutual benefit + 5peaceful coexistence) BUT radicalisation of Mao refused it
1953-19585 year plan to develop the industry based on state ownership in the modern sector, large collective units in agriculture, and centralized economic planning
1953Staline dies and Khrushchev comes to power (visits China to keep friendship)
1956De-stalinisation speech of Khrushchev (against Staline so against Mao)
1958Great Leap Forward (second plan)disaster! famine with 30-55 million
SU withdrew from China in 1960SU wanted a more peaceful coexistence with USA which was heavily criticised by China + K. wanted to construct a long wage radio (Mao thought he wanted to spy) + K. didn't support China is dispute with Taipei Islands
1962K. didn't support China with Sino Indian border war (even gave weapons to India) Mao strongly disagreed with policies
1955The Bandung Conference, against colonialism for independence and justice
1961Non aligned movement joined with other countries
16th oct. 1964China exploded first atomic bomb therefor recognised as a superpower
1966Red guards and revolution gave Mao more power yet focused so much on external affair that the country was in a really bad state
1969Sino Soviet Border Conflict (100 deaths) US recognised China as a superpower total shift in Cold War (CIA was leaking info on USSR to China)
1971Ping-Pong diplomacy, Kissinger agreeing to give up Taiwan if China appeased the tensions with Ho Chi Minh
1972Nixon and Kissinger visited China + recognised PRC's seat at the United Stated National Committee
1973-1979"United Stated liaison office" builded a strong and official diplomacy between US and China (official embassies in Beijing and Washington)
1976Mao dies => Deng Xiaoping takes place and installed capitalism "one country, two systems" with SEZs (relax international tensions)
2001the PRC joined the WTO
June 3-4 1989Tiananmen square incidentprotest for democracy => gained international support
memorize

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