China and Japan Vocabulary

jwright's version from 2017-02-07 17:41


Question Answer
dynastya series of rulers from the same family.Chinese history is divided into dynsaties.
Shi Huangdithe first emperor of China.He united China and standadized many things
Shoguna powerful military leader who often had more power than the emperor.
Warring State Period200 year civil war in China
CalligraphyThe art of beautiful writing. Calligraphers expressed emotions in the way they painted Chinese characters.
DiamyoHis role was to protect or the land owning lords. Each diamyo relied on the peasants to work the land. In exchange for a share of the crop, he promised to protect them
SamuraiThey are highly trained warriors. In exchange for military service, the diamyo paid his samurai a salary.
Mandate of Heaventhe belief that the heavens chose a leader
Confuciansimthe philosophy that believes in respect for authority, moral leadership, and family values
Laozia philosopher who was known as the "Old Baby" and the founder of Daoism
Daoismthe philosophy that emphasized balance and harmony with the universe and nature
Leagalismthe belief that a leader needs to be strict to control the people
Silk Roada very important trade route linking Asia to Europe
BuddhismA religion based on the teachings of the Indian spiritual leader spiritual leader Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddah or Enlightened One. He taught that life involves suffering.
ShintoismThe traditional religion of Japan. Everything in nature-the sun, the moon, trees, waterfalls, and animals has kami (nature spirits).
IsolationismIsolationism a policy of turning inward from the world. They closed their nations to foreigners except for selected ports. Japan barred all Europeans, except the Dutch.
paperone of China's most important inventions, it was made our of grinding plant fibers
compassinstrument used to find direction. It helped the Chinese traveled long distances
woodblock printinga form of printing in which an entire page was carved into a block of wood
gunpowdera mixture of powders used in guns and explosives
Zen Buddhisma form of Buddhism that emphasizes meditation
diffusionthe spread of ideas from one culture to another