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Chemistry memorize

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woxafobi's version from 2017-09-27 18:13

Elements

Question Answer
HydrogenH
LithiumLi
SodiumNa
PotassiumK
CesiumCs
BerylliumBe
MagnesiumMg
CalciumCa
strontiumSr
BariumBa
BoronB
AluminumAl
CarbonC
siliconSi
NitrogenN
PhosphorousP
OxygenO
SulfurS
FluorineF
ChlorineCl
BromineBr
IodineI
HeliumHe
NeonNe
ArgonAr
KryptonKr
XenonXe
chromiumCr
ManganeseMn
IronFe
CobaltCo
NickelNi
CopperCu
ZincZn
SilverAg
CadmiumCd
PlatinumPt
GoldAu
MercuryHg
LeadPb
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polyatomic ions

Question Answer
ammoniumNH4+
hydroniumH3O+
hydroxideOH-
acetateCH3COO- / C2H3O2-
carbonateCO32-
bicarbonateHCO3-
sulfateSO42-
hydrogen sulfateHSO4-
sulfiteSO32-
hydrogen sulfiteHSO3-
phosphatePO43-
monohydrogen phosphateHPO42-
dihydrogen phosphateH2PO4-
nitrateNO3-
nitriteNO2-
cyanideCN-
permanganateMnO4-
chromateCrO42-
dichromateCr2O72-
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Important molecules

Question Answer
waterH2O
carbon monoxideCO
carbon dioxideCO2
hydrogen cyanideHCN
nitrogen dioxideNO2
sulfur dioxideSO2
hydrogen sulfideH2S
ammoniaNH3
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Strong acids

Question Answer
Hydrochloric acidHCl → H+(aq) + Cl-(aq)
Hydrobromic acidHBr → H+(aq) + Br-(aq)
Hydroiodic acidHI → H+(aq) + I-(aq)
Nitric acidHNO3 → H+(aq) + NO3-(aq)
Perchloric acid HClO4 → H+(aq) + ClO4-(aq)
Sulfuric acidH2SO4 → 2H+(aq) + SO42-(aq) ***H2SO4 → H+(aq) + HSO4-(aq)
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Weak important acids

Question Answer
Acetic acid (CH3COOH)acetate ion (CH3COO-)
Carbonic acid (H2CO3)bicarbonate ion (HCO3-)
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Strong bases

Question Answer
Lithium hydroxideLiOH → Li+(aq) + OH-(aq)
sodium hydroxideNaOH → Na+(aq) + OH-(aq)
Potassium hydroxideKOH → K+(aq) + OH-(aq)
rubidium hydroxideRbOH → Rb+(aq) + OH-(aq)
cesium hydroxideCsOH → Cs+(aq) + OH-(aq)
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