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Chemistry chapter 1

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zunair's version from 2018-02-04 21:46

Section 1

Question Answer
What liquids are not monoatomicBr2 (Bromine)
What solids are not monoatomicIodine (i2), Sulfur S8, Phosphorous P4
What gases are not monoatomicOxygen O2, Ozone O3, Hydrogen H2, Nitrogen N2, Fluorine F2, Chlorine Cl2
What color code in the periodic table is red forGases
Color code in the periodic table blue forLiquids
Color code in the periodic table black forsolids
ElementPure substances that contain one element
How are elements categorizedMetals, Metalloids and non metals
Where are metals located in the periodic tableLeft side of metalloids
Where are non metals located in the periodic tableRight side of metalloids
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Section 2

Question Answer
What are rows in a periodic tablePeriods
What are columnsGroups
What is a physical changeDo not change the composition of matter. Heating, cooling, physical mixing etc
What is a chemical changeChanges the composition of matter. Ex burning, tarnishing, rusting, chemical combinations
What are compoundsChemical combining by 2+ elements
What are the two types of compoundsIonic compound and Molecular compound
Ionic compound is what 2 type of elementsMetal with non metal
Molecular compound is what 2 type of elementsNon metal with non metal or Metalloid with non metal
What does the empircal formula showWhat simple rations the atoms combined in
What does Molecular formula showActual number of atoms present
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Section 3

Question Answer
What is a substanceHas distinct properties and composition that does not vary from multiple samples
What two types of substances are thereElements and compounds
What specifics does an element have when it comes to substancesCannot be broken down further
What specifics do compounds have when it comes to substancesIt can be broken down further to simpler substances
What are mixtures and what types are therephysical mixing and exhibit the properties of what has been mixed. homogenous and heterogenous
Physical propertiescan be observed without without changing a substance into another substance. Ex. boiling point, density, mass, volume
Chemical propertiesCan only be observed when substance is changed to another substance. flammability, corrosiveness, reactivity with acid
Intensive propertiesAre independent in the amount of the substance that is present. Density, boiling point, color
Extensive propertiesDepend upon the amount the substance present. Examples include mass, volume, energy
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Question Answer
What metalloid is in P2B (Boron)
What metalloid is in P3Si (Silicon)
What metalloid is in p4Ge (Germanium), As (Arsenic)
What metalloid is in p5Sb (Antimony), Te (Tellerium)
What metalloid is in p6Po (Polonium), At (Astatine)
What metalloid is in p1None
What metalloid is in p7None
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Section 4

Question Answer
Pico, P scientific notation10 (-12)
Nano, N10(-9)
micro, M10 (-6)
Milli, m10 (-3)
Centi, C10 (-2)
Deci, d10 (-1)
Kilo, K10 (3)
Mega, m10 (6)
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