Chemical compounds in cells

stephanieyw's version from 2018-04-09 02:07

Section 1

Question Answer
Carbohydrates Monomer= SACCHARIDE---Rich in energy----made of carbon, hydrogen, + oxygen-----provides energy to cell+ a component of some cell parts EX cell wall
LipidsMonomer= FATTY ACIDS----Rich in energy--carbon hydrogen + oxygen-----stores energy for later use + makes up most of the cell membrane
ProteinsMonomer= AMINO ACIDS--- carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen + sometimes sulfur---------- forms cell membrane+organelles; regulates growth and development; transport oxygen and other substances; increase rate of chemical reactions
Nucleic acidMonomer= NUCLEOTIDE--- carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus-------instructions cells need to carry out functions of life
DiagramOrganic Compounds-- contain-- carbon--include--Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids

Section 2

Question Answer
Enzymesspeed up a chemical reaction in living things- a catalyst
2 kinds of nucleic acid deoxiribonucleic + ribonucleic
Water + living thingshelps keep shape and size; maintains temp; chemical reactions substances that dissolve in water; take part in many reactions
Organic Compoundscontain carbon; organic "of living things"
Properties of organic compoundslow melting point; solid, liquid, gas---strong odors; hydrophobic X does not conduct electric currents
DNA set upA with T; C with G
RNAcodes for making proteins in cytoplasm and nucleus