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Chem chapter 2

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zunair's version from 2018-02-25 23:42

Section

Question Answer
What different types of compounds are thereIonic compound, Molecular, Acids
Ionic compounds consist of whatMetal and non metal combining
CationsPositive charged ions
AnionNegative charge ions
memorize

Section 2 IA Elements

Question Answer
Are these elements cations or anions? Are they monoatomic or polyatomic?Monoatomic cations
Write the symbol, charge and name for the first element on IAH+1, Hydrogen
Write the symbol, charge and name for the 2nd element on IALi + 1, Lithium
Write the symbol, charge and name for the 3rd element on IANa +1, Sodium
Write the symbol, charge and name for the 4th element on IAK+ 1, Potassium
Write the symbol, charge and name for the 5th element on IARb+ 1, Rubidium
Write the symbol, charge and name for the 6th element on IACs +1, Cesium
memorize

Section 3 metals in IIA

Question Answer
How much electrons are lost/gained in IIA2 electrons so positive 2
1st element symbol, charge and nameMg +2, Magnesium
2nd element symbol, charge and nameCa +2, Calcium
3rd element symbol, charge and nameSr + 2, Strontium
4th Element symbol, charge and nameBa +2, Barium
Which elements on IIA are not charged?Ra (Radium) and Be (Berryllium)
memorize

Section 4 IIIA

Question Answer
How much electrons are lost/gained to form these ions3
1st element symbol, charge and nameAL +3, Aluminum
2nd element symbol, charge and nameGa +3, Gallium
memorize

Section 5 Groups for North american scheme

Question Answer
What group is IAAlkali Metals (except H) group 1
What group is IIAAlkaline Earth Metals group 2
What group is Viii ANoble gases group 8
What group is Vii AHalogens group 7
What group is VI AChalcogens group 6
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Section 4 Metals in IV (group 4)

Question Answer
How much electrons gained/lost in group 4?4 electrons lost, positive 4
1st element symbol, charge and nameSn +4, Tin
2nd Element symbol, charge and namePb +4, Lead
memorize

Monoatomic cations with variable charges

 

Question Answer
What charges does Fe have and what is its nameFe+2, and Fe+3, Iron
What charges does Sn have and whats its nameSn +2 and +4, Tin
What charges does Pb have and what is its namePb +2 and +4, Lead
What charges does Hg have and what is its nameHg+2 and Hg2+2, Mercury
What charges does Cu have and whats its nameCu+1, Cu+ 2, Copper
What charges does Au have and whats its nameAu+1, Au +3, Gold
memorize

Monoatomic cations with a fixed charge that were not mentioned (Any cation not in the previous section are fixed)

Question Answer
Zn is what charge and what nameZn+2, Zinc
Ag is what charge and what nameAg+1, Silver
Cd is what charge and what nameCd+ 2, Cadmium
memorize

Labeling Monotomic cations fixed and variable charges

Question Answer
How to label a cation that is fixed?By adding an "ion" in the end. Ex, Hydrogenion (H+), Sodiumion (Na+), Zincion (Zn+2) etc
How to label a cation with variable charges?by putting the name of the element with a parentheses with the charge number in it. Ex. Fe+2 = Iron (II) or Fe+3 = Iron (III)
memorize

Naming variable charges

Question Answer
What charges and names does Fe haveFe+2 and Fe+3, Ferrous and Ferric
What charges and names does Pb havePb+2 and Pb+4, Plumbous and Plumbic
What charges and names does Cu haveCu+1 and Cu+2, Cuprous and Cupric
What charges and names does Sn haveSn+2 and Sn+4, Stamous and Stannic
What charges and names does Au haveAu+1 and Au+3, Aurous and Auric
What charges does Hg haveHg+ = Mercuric
memorize

Polyatomic cations

Question Answer
What is NH4+Ammonium
What is H3O+Hydronium
What is HG2+2Mercury (I) or Mercurous
memorize

Monoatomic anions

Question Answer
Hydride is whatH -
F- is whatFluoride
Chloride is whatCl-
BromideBr-
I-Iodide
O - 2Oxide
S-2Sulfide
N-3Nitride
P-3Phosphide
SelenideSe-2
C-4Carbide
memorize

Polyatomic anions

Question Answer
PeroxideO2-2
OH-Hydroxide
CN-Cyanide
N3Azide
HSHydrogen sulfide or Bisulfide
CO3-3Carbonate
NO3-Nitrate
SO4-2Sulfate
PO4-3Phosphate
NO2-2Nitrate
SO3-2Sulfite
PO3-3Phosphite
memorize

Polyatomic anions symbols

Question Answer
PeroxideO2-2
HydroxideOH-
AzideN3-
CyanideCN-
Hydrogen SulfideHS-
CarbonateCO3-2
SulfateSO4-2
PhosphatePO4-3
NitrateNO3-
NitriteNO2-
SulfiteSO3-2
PhosphitePO3-2
memorize