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CHEM 321 CH 1&2

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crystal1902's version from 2016-10-31 20:49

Section 1

Question Answer
environmental chemistry 形容什么,什么,什么,什么,和什么 of chemical species in the five spheres of envrionementenvrionemntal chemistry 形容 origins,transport,reactions,effects and fate of chemical species
五个sphere bioshpere, hydrosphere, geosphere, anthrosphere,atmosphere
matter是made of什么, 最往下是什么,再往下是什么,什么,和什么elements; atoms; 正的protons,负的electrons,中性的neutrons
atmoic number是什么;atomic mass是什么nuclei里neutron的数量;;mass是proton的数量加上neutrons的数量
isotopes是什么一样的protons,不一样的neutrons
yocto 缩写 十的倍数y -24
atto 缩写 十的倍数a -18
femto 缩写 十的倍数f -15
pico 缩写 十的倍数p -12
nano 缩写 十的倍数n -9
micro 缩写 十的倍数u -6
milli 缩写 十的倍数m -3
centi 缩写 十的倍数c -2
deci 缩写 十的倍数d -1
kilo 缩写 十的倍数k 3
mega 缩写 十的倍数M 6
giga 缩写 十的倍数G 9
tera 缩写 十的倍数T 12
peta 缩写 十的倍数P 15
化学元素表里给了每个元素的什么,什么,和什么,并且元素表是以horizontally in 什么,vertically in 什么来排序的每个元素的atomic number,atomic mass and elemental symbols, 并且元素表是periods in 平,groups in 竖
electrons in atoms occupy什么,in which electrons have different什么, each orbital may contain a maximum of 多少 electronsoccupy orbitals, 有不一样的spins,最多两个electrons
bay region features 什么, that allows for 什么,often 什么features unique atom arrangement, that allows for binding to DNA/enzymes, often irreversibly
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Section 2

Question Answer
organic compounds的七个classeshydrocarbons;organo oxygen compounds;organo nitrogen compounds; organohalides;organo sulfur compounds; organo phosphorous compounds; biomolecules
hydrocarbon的五个classalkane;alkenes;alkynes;aromatic hydrocarbons;polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon的燃烧的化学式CH4+2O2--------CO2+2H20+HEAT
alkanes的formula 是什么 cyclic alkane的formula是什么CnH2n+2;;;C2H2n
double bond equivalent是什么, 加上number of molecules of H2 可以让所有的pi bonds变成什么,让rings变成什么degree of unsaturation;;可以让pi bonds变成single bonds,让rings 变成linear (acyclic)structure
Alkane reactions的公式C3H8+5O2----------3CO2+4H2O+HEAT
Alkene至少有一个什么,formula是什么,至少一个double bond,CnH2n
alkyne至少有一个什么,formula是什么, 因为highly什么 所以用来当chemical raw material至少有一个triple bond, CnH2n-2, 因为highly flammable acetylene所以用来当chemical raw material
Aromatic compounds是什么with 什么,为什么resonanace stabilization, 倾向于什么reaction而不是什么reaction,对chemcial reaction是resistent还是prefer, 例子aromatic compounds是ring structurs with conjugated double bonds; 因为delocalized clouds of pi electrons over several carbon atom C-C bonds; 更倾向于substitution rxn而不是addition,resistant to chemical rxn BTEX
PAH的全称是什么,有什么和什么的特点,consist of 什么和什么rings,major component of 什么, 和空气污染有关的sources,和水污染有关的sourcespolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; smaller和volatile analogs of graphite; consist of fused,aromatic benzene rings, major component of soot, 对空气污染的来源 incomplete combustion of 木头,碳,香烟,汽车燃油 aluminum smelter;;对水污染的影响 tankers,refineries,oil drilling sites,creosote gas station的leak
biomolecule的五个分类carbohydrate,peptides&proteins,lipids,enzymes, nucleic acids
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