Chapter 9 Cardio

madamj2004's version from 2016-02-29 06:20

Chambers and Valves

Question Answer
What is the order of blood flowRV--RA--Lungs--LA--LV--body
How many cardiac valve4 strucutures within heart that prevent backflow of blood by opening and closing with each heartbeat
What is the name of cardiac valvesvalves tricuspid - pulmonary - mitral (bicuspid) -aortic
Location of the tricuspid btwn right atrium and right ventricle
Location of the pulmonary valvesbetween right ventricle and pulmonary artery (trunk)
Location of the mitralbtwn left atrium and left ventricle
Location of the aortic valvesbtwn left ventricle and aorta
What is the primary function of cardiac valvesensure unidirectional blood flow / prevent regurgitation
Give the number of leaflets in tricuspid valves3
Give the number of leaflets in pulmonary valves3
Give the number of leaflets in mitral valves2
Give the number of leaflets in aortic valves3
Define stenosis failure of a valve to open completely impeding forward flow
3 types of valve disordersregurgitation-- stenosis-- prolapse
What is the name of the structure that lies btwn ventricles?septum
Where is the apex locatedat the tip of the left ventricles
Pneumonic to hear heart valvesAPETM (all physicians enjoy taking money)

Heart sound

Question Answer
Tricuspid and Mitral Valve makes what soundLub
Semilunar valve makes what soundDub
What is the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteriesSystole
What is the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle relaxes and allows the chambers to fill with bloodDiastole
S1 makes what soundLub
S2 makes what soundDub

Heart Failure

Question Answer
Sign and symptem of Left heart failuredyspnea---Orthopnea--paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea--pulmonary congestion--tachycardia--S3--S4
Sign and symptom of Right sided heartjugular vein distention--positive hepatojugular reflux—hepatomegaly--lower ext edema
Peripheral edema is typically seen with witch type of heart failureRight side
Acute inflammation of the pericardial sac accompanied by pericardial effusionPericarditis
A fall in systolic blood pressure >10 mm Hg with inspirationpulsus paradoxus
Sign and Symptom of pericarditis pleuritic chest pain—cough—fever—relieved pain when leaning forward--rub

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