Chapter 9 + 10, "The American Pageant" for US History 1H Sonday @ DCHS

yosuyuyi's version from 2015-04-21 11:27

General Notes on 9 + 10

Question Answer
Continental Army officers formed an exclusive hereditary order which was ridiculed by most Americans.the Society of Cincinnati
This inheritance law awarded all of a father's property to the eldest son.primogeniture
Thomas Jefferson and his co-reformers won a victory for separation of church and state when he passed this legislation.Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Founded the world's first antislavery society was founded in 1775 by this group.the Philadelphia Quakers
Who said: "Great as the evil [of slavery] is, a dismemberment of the union would be worse" in 1787?James Madison
This prominent lady teased her husband that "the Ladies" were determined to "foment a rebellion" of their own if not given political rights.Abigail Adams
The notion that democracy depended on the unselfish commitment of each citizen to the public good, central to republican ideology.civic virtue
This idea elevated women to a prestigious role as the special keepers of the nation's motherhood
This get together called upon the colonies to draft new constitutions, asking the colonies to summon themselves into being as new states.The Continental Congress of 1776
This state was innovative in drafting its constitution, by submitting the final draft directly to the people for approval. Imitated later in ratifying the federal Constitution.Massachusetts
When the legislatures were given huge amounts of power in government, this man said "173 despots would surely be as oppressive as one"Thomas Jefferson
Wealthy British landowner whose New York property was sliced into 250 parcels.Roger Morris
This meeting was little more than a conference of ambassadors from the thirteen states, asserting control over military affairs and foreign policy.The Second Continental Congress
This state ratified a treaty of alliance with France separately from the other 12 in 1778.Virginia
A committee was appointed to draft this written constitution shortly after declaring independence. Adopted by Congress in 1777.Articles of Confederation
Wrote the first draft of the Articles of Confederation in 1777John Dickinson
Meaning of "E. Pluribus Unum"from many, one
The mutual good sentiment of the 13 colonies/ states"League of Friendship"
The National Congress lacked these two branches of governmentExecutive and judicial
Land-starved state that was the last to sign the Articles of Confederation in 1781.Maryland
These were the two handicaps of Congress that crippled it under the power to regulate commerce, nor collect federal taxes
This provided that the acreage of the Old Northwest be sold and that the proceeds be used to help pay off the national debt.Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that realized the way a state grows. From territory to statehood.Northwest Ordinance of 1787
This British Lord argued in a British pamphlet that Britain would win back America's trade in spite of the Navigation LawsLord Sheffield
British agents schemed to annex this disgruntled group to Britain.Allen brothers of Vermont
An arrogant pirate of North African states who enslaved Yankee sailorsDey of Algiers
Secretary for foreign affairsJohn Jay
The Northwest territory was comprised of (6)Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota (some parts), Michigan
An alarming uprising in Massachusetts in 1786 where impoverished back country farmers seized their muskets on behalf of their state in the new country's economic climateShays's Rebellion
A charismatic banker who, at 31, saved the commercial convention through brilliant engineering.Alexander Hamilton
This plan gave representative advantage to larger states.Virginia's "large-state plan"
This plan gave representative advantage to smaller states.New Jersey's "small-state plan"
Antifederalist camp's leaders (3).Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee
Federalist leaders (5).George Washington, James Madison, John Marshall, Patrick Henry, Benjamin Franklin
This state, the second most populous, provided testing ground for if the Constitution would work.Massachusetts
The biggest and most populous state that provided fierce antifederalist opposition.Virginia
George Washington's Secretary of StateThomas Jefferson
George Washington's Secretary of TreasuryAlexander Hamilton
George Washington's Secretary of WarHenry Knox
He drafted all the amendments of the Bill of Rights himself.James Madison
Flared up in south-western Pennsylvania in 1794, that sharply challenged new national government.Whiskey Rebellion
When Washington's first administration left ended, Hamilton's domestic policies had already stimulated the formation of these two political camps.Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans and Hamiltonian Federalists
Bound the U.S. to help the French defend their West Indies against future foes, which the booming British fleets were certain to attack.the Franco-American alliance of 1778
Proclaimed both that citizens should remain neutral to the ongoing France-Britain unrest, and the U.S.'s stance on the matter.Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
Embarked upon violations of the Franco-American alliance by confusion of Jeffersonian Republicans.Citizen Edmond Genet
Eight Indian nations who terrorized invading Americans. Bought firearms from British agents.Miami Confederacy
Chief of the MiamisLittle Turtle
Were defeated by Little Turtle (two Generals)Josiah Harmar, Arthur St. Clair
Finally crushed Little TurtleGeneral "Mad Anthony" Wayne
General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated Miamis at this battle.Battle of Fallen Timbers
Sent by George Washington to negotiate to avoid war with BritainChief Justice John Jay
A cultured Federalist who referred to Jeffersonians as "fire-eating salamander, poison-sucking toads"Fisher Ames
Conquered the XYZ negotiations.John Marshall
Treaty in which French agreed to annul the twenty-two-year-old marriage of U.S. and itself, and U.S. would pay ship damages itself.Convention of 1800
Raised citizenship wait length from five to fourteen.Alien Laws
Law provided that anyone who impeded the policies of government or falsely defamed officials would be fined and imprisoned.Sedition Act
Resolved the unrest between state power and federal power. Would nullify the Alien and Sedition ActsThe Virginia (Madison) and Kentucky (Jefferson) Resolutions
Essays under the pseudonym "Publius"Federalist papers
"Publius" was written by (3)Hamilton (52), Madison (28), Jay (5)
Plan that detailed central government, executive and judicial powers, and bicameral legislature.Virginia Plan
Advocates of the Virginia Plan (2)Edmund Randolph, James Madison
Plan detailing most articles, among them that states get equal representationNew Jersey Plan
Advocate for the New Jersey PlanWilliam Patterson
Compromise plan detailing bicameral, upper and lower house, and a presidentConnecticut Compromise/ The Great Compromise
Advocate for the Connecticut CompromiseRoger Sherman

Federalists v. Democratic-Republicans

Question Answer Column 3
LeadersHamilton, John AdamsJefferson, James Madison
Powerful state or powerful fed.?Strong central governmentState's rights
FearsAnarchy/mob ruleTyranny
ConstitutionLoose constructionStrict construction
Support baseUrban, commerceRural, agrarian
Government involvement in economyYesNo, laissez-faire
National bankYesNo
Protective tariffYesNo
Federal assumption at state war debtsYesNo
Foreign policyAnglophileFrancophile

George W.'s Tiny Cabinet

Question Answer
Vice PresidentJohn Adams
Sec. StateThomas Jefferson
Sec. TreasuryAlexander Hamilon
Sec. DefenseHenry Knox
Sec. Post OfficeSamuel Osgood
Attorney GeneralEdmund Randolf