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Chapter 8 Thorax and Lungs

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madamj2004's version from 2016-02-28 05:30

Section

Question Answer
How many lobes to the right lungs3 (upper,middle,lower)
How many lobes to the left lungs2 (upper and lower)
What is the number one cause of chest pain in childrenanxiety
What are musical respiratory sounds that may be audible to the patient and to others Wheezing
What is the typically a reflex response to stimuli that irritate receptors in the larynx, trachea, or large bronchiCough
Normal breath soundvesicular
What do the term Adventitious mean added sounds (Crackles, wheezes, and rhonchi )
Assessment = Chest pain, fever,Dull(percussion)pneumonia
Assessment=productive cough ,crackles and some wheezing bronchitis
Assessment=shifted trachea, air leak into pleural spacepneumothorax( aka collapse lung)
Assessment=narrowing of the tracheobronchial tree, diminished air flow, may have attacks, wheezing often heard, may have triggersasthma
Assessment=decrease to absent breath sounds, caused by hyper inflated lungs, may have crackles, wheezing and rhonchi, may be barreled chest or clubbingCOPD
memorize

Percussion

Question Answer
What type of percussion would a healthy lung haveresonance
What is the purpose of percussionit helps establish whether the underlying tissues are air-filled, fluid-filled, or solid
What are the types of percussion soundsFlatness, dullness, resonance, hyper resonance, tympani
When do dullness occurwhen healthy lungs get filled with fluid or pus
When do hyper resonance occurwhen lungs are hyper inflated
What type of percussion is heard with COPDHyper resonance
What type of percussion is heard with AsthmaHyper resonance
What type of percussion is heard with PneumothoraxHyper resonance
What type of percussion is heard with Pleural effusionDullness
What type of percussion is heard with hemothoraxDullness
What type of percussion is heard with EmpyemaDullness
What type of percussion is heard with PneumoniaDullness
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