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Chapter 5-1 - The Human Body (Test Questions)

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rukitiya's version from 2016-04-07 20:32

General Knowledge

Question Answer
The nose, chin, umbilicus (navel), and spine are examples of ___________ anatomic structures.
     A.) midline
     B.) proximal
     C.) superior
     D.) midaxillary
A
The ___________ plane separates the body into left and right halves.
     A.) sagittal
     B.) coronal
     C.) transverse
     D.) midsagittal
D
A 5-year-old boy has fallen and has a severe deformity of the forearm near the wrist. He has possibly sustained a fracture of the...
     A.) proximal forearm.
     B.) superior forearm.
     C.) dorsal forearm.
     D.) distal forearm.
D
A fracture of the humerus just above the elbow would be described as a...
     A.) distal humerus fracture.
     B.) proximal elbow fracture.
     C.) distal forearm fracture.
     D.) proximal humerus fracture.
A
The topographic term used to describe the location of body parts that are closer toward the midline or center of the body is...
     A.) lateral.
     B.) medial.
     C.) midaxillary.
     D.) midclavicular.
B
The topographic term used to describe the part of the body that is nearer to the feet is...
     A.) dorsal.
     B.) inferior.
     C.) internal.
     D.) superior.
B
In relation to the wrist, the elbow is...
     A.) distal.
     B.) medial.
     C.) lateral.
     D.) proximal.
D
In relation to the chest, the back is...
     A.) ventral.
     B.) inferior.
     C.) anterior.
     D.) posterior.
D
Which of the following anatomic terms is synonymous with the word “dorsal”?
     A.) medial
     B.) posterior
     C.) palmar
     D.) anterior
B
A young male jumped from a tree and landed feet first. What aspect of his body has sustained the initial injury?
     A.) palmar
     B.) plantar
     C.) dorsal
     D.) ventral
B
The ___________ of the heart is the inferior portion of the left ventricles.
     A.) apex
     B.) base
     C.) dorsum
     D.) septum
A
Movement or motion away from the body’s midline is called...
     A.) flexion.
     B.) extension.
     C.) adduction.
     D.) abduction.
D
A patient has fractured both femurs. Anatomically, these injuries would be described as being...
     A.) medial.
     B.) proximal.
     C.) bilateral.
     D.) unilateral.
C
Relative to the kidneys, the liver is...
     A.) medial.
     B.) dorsal.
     C.) unilateral.
     D.) posterior.
C
An intoxicated 40-year-old male is found lying face down. How would you document his body’s position?
     A.) dorsal
     B.) supine
     C.) prone
     D.) recumbent
C
A patient in a semireclined position with the head elevated to facilitate breathing is in the ___________ position...
     A.) prone
     B.) supine
     C.) Fowler’s
     D.) recovery
C
Trendelenburg’s position is MOST accurately defined as a...
     A.) recumbent position with the head lower than the legs.
     B.) supine position with the legs elevated approximately 6" to 12".
     C.) recumbent position with the head elevated at a 25° to 45° angle.
     D.) supine position with the legs elevated 6" to 12" higher than the head.
D
The axial skeleton is composed of the...
     A.) arms, legs, and pelvis.
     B.) lower part of the torso and the legs.
     C.) skull, face, thorax, and vertebral column.
     D.) bones that comprise the pelvic girdle.
C
The brain connects to the spinal cord through a large opening at the base of the skull called the...
     A.) foramen ovale.
     B.) vertebral foramen.
     C.) spinous foramen.
     D.) foramen magnum.
D
Which of the following is NOT a facial bone?
     A.) mastoid
     B.) maxilla
     C.) mandible
     D.) zygoma
A
The ___________ is made up of the maxilla and zygoma, as well as the frontal bone of the cranium.
     A.) orbit
     B.) occiput
     C.) mastoid
     D.) sphenoid
A
The atlas is the...
     A.) point where the ribs attach to the sternum.
     B.) seventh cervical vertebra, which is easily palpable.
     C.) first cervical vertebra, which articulates with the skull.
     D.) attachment between the first and second cervical vertebrae.
C
The cervical spine is composed of ___________ vertebrae.
     A.) four
     B.) five
     C.) six
     D.) seven
D
Twelve pairs of ribs attach to what section of the spinal column?
     A.) sacral
     B.) lumbar
     C.) thoracic
     D.) coccyx
C
The ___________ portion of the spinal column is joined to the iliac bones of the pelvis.
     A.) sacrum
     B.) coccyx
     C.) lumbar
     D.) thoracic
A
The most distal four spinal vertebrae, which are fused together, form the...
     A.) ilium.
     B.) coccyx.
     C.) sacrum.
     D.) ischium.
B
Select the areas of the spinal column in descending order.
     A.) cervical, thoracic, sacral, lumbar, coccyx
     B.) cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
     C.) cervical, thoracic, coccyx, lumbar, sacral
     D.) cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, coccyx
B
The most superior portion of the sternum is called the...
     A.) manubrium.
     B.) costal arch.
     C.) angle of Louis.
     D.) xiphoid process.
A
The inferior cartilaginous tip of the sternum is called the...
     A.) sternal notch.
     B.) xiphoid process.
     C.) angle of Louis.
     D.) jugular notch.
B
What three bones make up the shoulder girdle?
     A.) clavicle, scapula, humerus
     B.) acromion, clavicle, scapula
     C.) acromion, scapula, humerus
     D.) acromion, humerus, clavicle
A
The ____________ is a muscular dome that forms the inferior boundary of the thorax, separating the thorax from the abdomen.
     A.) costal arch
     B.) diaphragm
     C.) mediastinum
     D.) costovertebral angle
B
The large, flat, triangular bone that overlies the posterior thoracic wall is called the...
     A.) glenoid.
     B.) clavicle.
     C.) scapula.
     D.) acromion.
C
The bones of the forearm are called the...
     A.) radius and ulna.
     B.) tibia and radius.
     C.) humerus and ulna.
     D.) radius and humerus.
A
The supporting bone of the arm is the...
     A.) ulna.
     B.) humerus.
     C.) radius.
     D.) clavicle.
B
The carpal bones form the...
     A.) foot.
     B.) ankle.
     C.) hand.
     D.) wrist.
D
Each pelvic bone is formed by the fusion of the...
     A.) sacrum and ischium.
     B.) ilium, ischium, and pubis.
     C.) pubis and acetabulum.
     D.) ilium, pubis, and sacrum.
B
The femoral head forms a ball-and-socket joint with the...
     A.) ilium.
     B.) ischium.
     C.) acetabulum.
     D.) femoral condyle.
C
The bony prominence on the lateral/superior aspect of the thigh is called the...
     A.) iliac crest.
     B.) sacroiliac joint.
     C.) sacral symphysis.
     D.) greater trochanter.
D
The bones that comprise the fingers and toes are called...
     A.) carpals.
     B.) metacarpals.
     C.) phalanges.
     D.) metatarsals
C
Anterior to the knee is a specialized bone called the...
     A.) tibia.
     B.) patella.
     C.) femur.
     D.) calcaneus.
B
The distal aspect of the tibia forms the...
     A.) lateral condyle.
     B.) medial malleolus.
     C.) Achilles tendon.
     D.) lateral malleolus.
B
The elbow is an example of a ____________ joint.
     A.) hinge
     B.) saddle
     C.) gliding
     D.) ball-and-socket
A
A person’s bones would become brittle if he or she was deficient in...
     A.) sodium.
     B.) calcium.
     C.) potassium.
     D.) magnesium.
B
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