Chapter 4 Terms

thenorthstarblues's version from 2016-10-16 19:44


Question Answer
Backup toolallows users to copy, or back up, selected files or the contents of an entire storage medium to another storage locations such as a hard drive, optical disk, USB drive, or cloud
Computer-aided designa type of application that assists professionals and designers in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs and models
Disk cleanupa tool that searches for and removes unnecessary files
Disk defragmentera tool that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer's hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster
File compression toolshrinks the size of a file so that it takes up less storage space
PC maintenance toola program that identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs drive problems, and includes the capability of improving a computer's performance
PDFPortable Document Format - a popular electronic image file format that document management software uses to save converted documents
Personal Firewalla security tool that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized intrusions
Phishinga scam in which a person sends an official looking email message that attempts to obtain your personal and/or financial information
Phishing Filtera program that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious websites
Programconsists of a series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them
QR codea square-shaped graphic that represents a web address or other information
Restore toolreverses the backup process and returns backed up files to their original form
Applicationconsists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks
Spyware removera type of program that detects and deletes spyware and similar programs
Uncompressunzip or expand a compressed file, restore it to its original size
Uninstallera tool that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files
Virusa potentially damaging program that affects a computer or device negatively by altering the way that it works
Web filtering softwarea program that restricts access to certain material on the web
System softwarecollective name for the operating system and other tools that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its devices
Document management an application that provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user
Womrmalware that resides in active memory and replicates itself over a network to infect computers and devices, using up system resources and possibly shutting down the system
Trojan Horsea destructive program disguised as a real program. Unlike viruses, they do not replicate themselves.
Rootkita program that can easily hide and allow someone to take full control of your computer from a remote location
Malwareprograms that act without a user's knowledge and deliberately alter the operations of computers and mobile devices
Spywarea type of program placed on a computer or mobile device without the user's knowledge that secretly collects information about the user and then communicates the information it collects to some outside source while the user is online
Adwarea type of program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up or pop-under window on web pages, email messages, or other internet services

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