Chapter 33 - Geriatric Emergencies

jaywoody's version from 2017-10-12 10:45


Question Answer
A condition in which the walls of the aorta in the abdomen weaken and blood leaks into the layers of the vessel, causing it to bulge.abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive.advance directive
A swelling or enlargement of part of a blood vessel, resulting from weakening of the vessel wall.aneurysm
Fluid in the abdomen.ascites
Clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membranes.cataracts
Also known as bedsores, they are caused by the pressure of skin against a surface for long periods. These sores can range from a pink discoloration of the skin to a deep wound that may invade into bone or organs.decubitus ulcers
The formation of a blood clot within the larger veins of an extremity, typically following a period of prolonged immobilization.deep venous thrombosis
A more or less sudden change in mental status marked by the inability to focus, think logically, and maintain attention.delirium
The slow onset of progressive disorientation, shortened attention span, and loss of cognitive function.dementia
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.dyspnea
Any action on the part of an older person's family member, caregiver, or other associated person that takes advantage of the older person, his or her property, or emotional state; also called granny beating and parent battering.elder abuse
The assessment and treatment of disease in someone who is 65 years or older.geriatrics
A visual bulging of the jugular veins in the neck that can be caused by fluid overload, pressure in the chest, cardiac tamponade, or tension pneumothorax.jugular vein distention
A forward curling of the back caused by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the spine.kyphosis
Black, foul-smelling, tarry stool containing digested blood.melena
A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds, in the bloodstream, lungs, and urinary tract.methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
A group of conditions in which the nerves leaving the spinal cord are damaged, resulting in distortion of signals to or from the brain.neuropathy
A generalized bone disease, commonly associated with postmenopausal women, in which there is a reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to fractures after minimal trauma in either sex.osteoporosis
An abrasion of the stomach or small intestine.peptic ulcer disease
An inflammation/infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral, or fungal cause.pneumonia
The simultaneous use of multiple medications by a patient as typically seen in elderly people.polypharmacy
An age-related condition of the ear that produces progressive bilateral hearing loss that is most noted at higher frequencies.presbycusis
A blood clot that breaks off from a large vein and travels to the blood vessels of the lung, causing obstruction of blood flow.pulmonary embolism
A highly contagious virus that causes an infection of the upper and lower respiratory system.respiratory syncytial virus
A fainting spell or transient loss of consciousness, often caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain.syncope
Pedal edema is a swelling of the foot and ankle caused by fluid overload; unilateral would present in only one extremity.unilateral pedal edema
Infections, usually of the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder), which occur when normal flora bacteria enter the urethra and grow.urinary tract infection (UTI)

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