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Chapter 32 - Pediatric Emergencies

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jaywoody's version from 2017-10-12 10:44

Section

Question Answer
Persons who are 12 to 18 years of age.adolescents
An event that causes unresponsiveness, cyanosis, and apnea in an infant, who then resumes breathing with stimulation.apparent life-threatening event (ALTE)
Turning white.blanching
Slow respiratory rate; ominous sign in a child that indicates impending respiratory arrest.bradypnea
Pulses that are closest to the core (central) part of the body where the vital organs are located; include the carotid, femoral, and apical pulses.central pulses
A general term applying to all forms of child abuse and neglect.child abuse
A seizure that features rhythmic back-and-forth motion of an extremity and body stiffness.generalized tonic-clonic seizure
An "uh" sound heard during exhalation; reflects the child's attempt to keep the alveoli open; a sign of increased work of breathing.grunting
The first year of life.infancy
The external openings of the nostrils. A single nostril opening is called a naris.nares
Refusal or failure on the part of the caregiver to provide life necessities.neglect
A form of bacterial meningitis characterized by rapid onset of symptoms, often leading to shock and death.Neisseria meningitides
A structured assessment tool that allows you to rapidly form a general impression of the infant or child without touching him or her; consists of assessing appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin.pediatric assessment triangle (PAT)
A tape used to estimate an infant or child's weight on the basis of length; appropriate drug doses and equipment sizes are listed on the tape.pediatric resuscitation tape measure
A specialized medical practice devoted to the care of the young.pediatrics
An airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children younger than 6 years. Patients will be feverish and exhibit a "whoop" sound on inspiration after a coughing attack; highly contagious through droplet infection.pertussis (whooping cough)
Persons who are 3 to 6 years of age.preschoolers
A person who is 6 to 12 years of age.school age
A syndrome seen in abused infants and children; the patient has been subjected to violent, whiplash-type shaking injuries inflicted by the abusing individual that may cause coma, seizures, and increased intracranial pressure due to tearing of the cerebral veins with consequent bleeding into the brain.shaken baby syndrome
An upright position in which the patient's head and chin are thrust slightly forward to keep the airway open.sniffing position
Death of an infant or young child that remains unexplained after a complete autopsy.sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Increased respiratory rate.tachypnea
Persons who are 1 to 3 years of age.toddlers
An indicator of oxygenation and ventilation. Work of breathing reflects the child's attempt to compensate for hypoxia.work of breathing
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