Chapter 3

blueghost's version from 2017-02-28 00:55


Question Answer
civil lawbranch of law dealing iwth the definition and enforement of all private and public rights as opposed to criminal matters
plaintiffthe person or institution that initiates a lawsuit in civil court by filing a complaint
defendantthe person or inst against whom an action is brought in civil court; the person or entity formally accused of violating a criminal law in the criminal court
liabilitycivil court--> legal responsibility for one's own or another's actions
beyond a reasonable doubtthe degree of proof required to find the defendant in a criminal trial guilty of committing the crime; must be the only explanation for the criminal act
preponderance of the evidencedegree of proof required to decide in favor of one side or the other in a civl case; met when a plaintiff proves that a fact more likely than not is true
felonya serious crime, usually punishable by imprisonment of a year or longer
misdemeanourcriminal offense that is not a felony; punishable by a fine or jail term of less than a year
infractiona noncriminal offense for which the penalty is a fine
mala in seacts that are inherently wrong, regardless of whether they are prohibited by law
mala prohibitaacts that are made illegal by criminal statute and are not necessarily wrong in and of themselves
uniform crime report UCRannual report by the FBI to give an indication of criminal activity in the US
part I offensescrimes reported annually by the FBI in the UCR that include murder, rape, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft
part II offensesall crimes recorded by the FBI that are not the other offense category and include misdemeanours and felonies
victim surveysa method of gathering crime data that directly surveys participants to determine their experiences as victims of crime
dark figure of crimethe actual amount of crime that takes place; impossible to determine the actual number because a great number are not reported to the police
self-reporting surveymethod of gathering crime data that relies on particiants to reveal and detail their own criminal or delinquent behaviour
repeat victimizationtheory that certain people/places are more likely to be subject to repeated criminal activity and that past victimization is a strong indicator of future victimization
domestic violencethe act of willful neglect or physical violence that occurs w/in familial or other intimate relationship
stalkingthe criminal act of causing fear in a person by repeatedly subjecting the person to unwanted or threatening attention

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