Chapter 3 test review

danisua77's version from 2017-09-21 04:13

Section 1

Question Answer
having human forms of attributesanthropomorphic
rule by the fewoligarchy
greek cultureHellenic
the breakdown of government and orderanarchy
"city-state", basic political unit of Greecepolis
government headed by a tyrant who gained complete control of it- usually by force tyranny
a three- step logical process of thinking syllogism
similar to greek culture Hellenistic
fortified hill that a polis was built at the foot of acropolis
rule by the people democracy
formal study of human thought and culture, the liberal arts, the study of history, science and grammar, as well as classical literature. humanities
rule by one monarchy
chief magistrate of the athenian council of nobles archon
men who sought the answers to the basic questions of life through human reasoning ability. philosophers

Section 2

Question Answer
father of philosophy Thales of Miletus
"Know thyself"socrates
republic plato
believe that happiness and pleasure could be achieved through avoidance of pain and fear.epicures
stoicism Zeno
medicine hipprocates
geometry Euclid
father of history Herodotus
astronomy and geographyEratosthenes

Section 3

Question Answer
created Hellenspot Bridge and son of King Darius , burned Athens downXerxes
created the form of creating a republic that is fair to everyone Plato
ruled during Periclean Age and ruled for 30 years Pericles
wrote poems like: the Iliad and Odyssey Homer
one of the Greatest military leaders in the world, took over Asia minor Alexander the Great
argon, forbade the practice of making debaters into slaves, representations to all classes Solon
Alexander the Great teacher and one of Greece's greatest philosophers Aristotle

Section 4

Question Answer
leading commercial center,mainland of Greece, military over beauty and trade over waters Mycenae
choose a metropolis, then choose a leader, after reports of merchants chose a colony, prepare the land and ships, after colonists arrived and leader with choose laws and religious sites. greek civilization
main commercial city rival of Mycenaetroy
new intruders entered to Greece, lived in villages away from cities, little contact with others cultures, common greek cultures emerges.greek dark ages
encouraged the formation of defensive alliance among the Greek city-states to protect themselves against any further Persian attacks. delian league
threatened independence and isolation to the Greek , punished Athens Persian empire
held in honor of the Gods/Zeus, Olympiad the four year interval between the gamesolympics
shared most of the same culture, lacked political unity, geography keeps greeks separated, polis was the basic political unit greek city-states
war between Sparta and Athens Peloponnesian War
militarism, isolation,oligarchy,glorification of statesparta
creative, democratic,individualism,intelluctual heritageAthens
what role did Alexander the Great play in Greek's history? Alexander the Great is among the most inspirational speakers in the world. His conquests spread Greek culture over the Middle East & introduced the brilliant Hellenistic era, which was basically the period in time where there was major progress in the decorative and visual arts, exploration, literature, sculpture, theatre, architecture, music, mathematics, and science.