Chapter 3 Terms

thenorthstarblues's version from 2016-10-16 17:28


Question Answer
Cloud computingan environment of virtual servers that house and provide access to resources users access through the internet
Computer vision syndroma technology-related health condition that affects eyesight
Connectorjoins a cable to a port
Embedded computerA special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product
Ergonomicsan applied science devoted to incorporating comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of items in the workplace
NFCnear field communications - uses close-range radio signals to transmit data between enabled devices
Overvoltage (power surge)When the incoming electrical supply to hardware increases, often defined as more than five percent, above the normal volts. Can cause immediate and permanent damage to hardware
Portthe point at which a peripheral device attached to or communicates with a computer or mobile device so that the peripheral device can send data to or receive information from the computer/mobile device
Repetitive Strain Injuryan injury or disorder of the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and joints
ResolutionThe number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display; it affects the quality of digital camera photos
ServerA computer dedicated to providing one or more services to other computers or devices on a network
Surge ProtectorUses electrical components to provide a stable current flow to hardware and minimize the chance of an overvoltage reaching the computer and other equipment
Undervoltagewhen the electrical supply to hardware drops, often defined as more than five percent, below the normal volts. Can cause data loss
Uninterruptable Power Supplya device that contains surge protection circuits and one or more batteries that can provide power during temporary or permanent loss of power
USB Portuniversal serial bus port
Internet of ThingsAn environment where processors are embedded in every product imaginable, and those 'things' communicate with one another via the internet
System Unitthe case that contains and protects the motherboard, internal hard drive, memory, and other electronic components
TowerA frame made of metal or plastic that houses the system unit on a desktop
Server virtualizationUses software to enable a physical server to emulate the hardware and computing capabilities of one or more servers
backward compatiblea port that supports older version devices as well as new ones
BluetoothUses short-range radio signals to transmit data between two enabled devices

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