Chapter 3 study guide part 1

omegametroi0's version from 2017-09-26 01:11


Question Answer
A __________ is the most complicated component in a computer.Motherboard
The ______ and the chipset on the motherboard determines what kind of processor a board can support.Socket
Early Intel processors used a ________ socket, with holes aligned in uniform rows around the socket to receive the pins on the bottom of the processor.Pin Grid Array (PGA)
A _________ socket has blunt protruding pins on the socket that connect with pads on the bottom of the grid array (LGA)
Later sockets used a _________, with pins staggered over the socket to squeeze more pins into a small space.staggered pin grid array (SPGA)
What socket type is soldered to the motherboard, along with the CPU?Ball grid array (BGA)
What type of socket ensures that even force is applied to the processor when it is being installed in the socket?ZIF
A ________ is a set of chips on the motherboard that works closely with the processor to collectively control the memory, buses on the motherboard, and some peripherals.Chipset
What is the function of the chipset on the motherboard?Facilitate communication between the processor, memory components, and peripheral devices
The fast end of hub, which contains the graphics and memory controller and connects to the system bus, is called the __________.North Bridge
The slower end of the hub, called the _________, contains the I/O (input/output) controller hub.South Bridge
What motherboard slot has direct access to the North Bridge?primary PCIe slot
__________ was the first Intel chipset to include Quick Path Interconnect (QPI), which integrated the memory controller with the processor.Nehalem
__________ was the first type of Intel chipset to support the graphics controller being part of the processor where only one chipset was needed. They are also known as second-generation chipsets.Sandy Bridge
__________ are third-generation Intel processors and chipsets which use less power, squeeze more transistors into a smaller space, and perform better than earlier products.Ivy Bridge
The Haswell and Broadwell chipsets work with what two different types of RAM?DDR3 and DDR4
Which major processor manufacturer specializes in chipsets and graphics processor units that target the gaming market?AMD
_________ are circuits or paths on the bottom of the motherboard that enable data, instructions, and power to move from component to component.Traces
________ is the system of pathways used for communication on a motherboard. It carries electrical power, control signals, memory addresses, as well as data.BUS

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