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Chapter 3 English quiz

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laurabockoff's version from 2016-11-15 10:08

Section 1

Question Answer
backing further assurances or data without which the assumption lacks authority
bandwagon appealthis fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's doing it, so it must be a good thing to do"
circular reasoninga fallacy in which the writer repeats the claim as a way to provide evidence ex) "You cant give me a C, Im an A student!"
claimalso called an assertion or proposition, states the argument's main idea or position.
classical orationfive part argument structure used by classical rhetoricians
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Section 2

Question Answer
deductiona logical process wherby one reaches a conclusion starting with a general principle or universal truth applying it to a specific case.
false dilemmaa fallacy in which the speaker presents two extreme options as the only possible choices
faulty analogya fallacy that occurs when an analogy compares two things that are not comparable.
first hand eveidenceevidence based on something the writer knows whether its from personal experience, observations, or general knowledge of events
hasty generalizationa fallacy in which a faulty conclusion is reached because of inadequate evidence
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Section 3

Question Answer
inductiona logical process whereby the writer reasons from particulars to universals, using specific cases in order to draw a conclusion, which is also called a generalization
logical fallacypotential vulnerabilities or weaknesses in an argument. When there is a bad connection between the claim and the evidence
qualiferWords in a toulmin argument making it less absolute. Examples can be: usually, probably, in most cases, most likely
rebuttalgives voice to possible objections
reservationin the toulmin argument, explains the terms and connections necessitated by the qualifier
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Section 4

Question Answer
rogerian argumentsdeveloped by physchiatrist Carl Rogers. Arguments that are based on the assumption that having a full understanding of an opposing positiong is essential to responding to it persuasively and refuting it in a way that is accommodating rather than alienating
straw mana fallacy that occurs when a speaker chooses a deliberately poor or oversimplified example in order to ridicule and refute an idea
syllogisma logical structure that uses the major premise and minor premise to reach a neces
toulmin modelan approach to analyzing and constructing arguments created by British philosopher Stephen Toulmin.
warrantin the toulmin model, expresses the assumption necessarily shared by the speaker and the audience
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