developed by physchiatrist Carl Rogers. Arguments that are based on the assumption that having a full understanding of an opposing positiong is essential to responding to it persuasively and refuting it in a way that is accommodating rather than alienating
a fallacy that occurs when a speaker chooses a deliberately poor or oversimplified example in order to ridicule and refute an idea
a logical structure that uses the major premise and minor premise to reach a neces
an approach to analyzing and constructing arguments created by British philosopher Stephen Toulmin.
in the toulmin model, expresses the assumption necessarily shared by the speaker and the audience