Chapter 3-3 - Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues (Test Questions)

rosenthal14's version from 2016-08-26 02:27

Critical Thinking (Cont.)

Question Answer
Your BEST protection against legal liability when a competent patient refuses EMS care and transport is to...
     A.) advise medical control of the situation.
     B.) err on the side of caution and transport.
     C.) ensure that the family is aware of the risks.
     D.) thoroughly document the entire event.
What section of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) MOST affects EMS personnel?
     A.) controlling insurance cost
     B.) protecting patient privacy
     C.) preventing insurance fraud
     D.) ensuring access to insurance
Which of the following is NOT considered to be protected health information (PHI)?
     A.) patient history
     B.) treatment rendered
     C.) location of the call
     D.) assessment findings
In order for a do not resuscitate (DNR) order to be valid, it must...
     A.) be dated within the previous 24 months.
     B.) clearly state the patient’s medical problem.
     C.) be updated a minimum of every 6 months.
     D.) be signed by the local justice of the peace.
When faced with a situation in which a patient is in cardiac arrest, and a valid living will or DNR order cannot be located, you should...
     A.) begin resuscitation at once.
     B.) contact medical control first.
     C.) determine the patient’s illness.
     D.) notify the coroner immediately.
You arrive at the scene of an apparent death. When evaluating the patient, which of the following is a definitive sign of death?
     A.) absence of a pulse
     B.) profound cyanosis
     C.) dependent lividity
     D.) absent breath sounds
Putrefaction is defined as...
     A.) decomposition of the body’s tissues.
     B.) profound cyanosis to the trunk and face.
     C.) blood settling to the lowest point of the body.
     D.) separation of the torso from the rest of the body.
Where would you MOST likely find information regarding a patient’s wishes to be an organ donor?
     A.) driver’s license
     B.) insurance card
     C.) Social Security card
     D.) voter registration card
The EMT’s scope of practice within his or her local response area is defined by the...
     A.) medical director.
     B.) state EMS office.
     C.) EMS supervisor.
     D.) local health district.
The manner in which the EMT must act or behave when caring for a patient is called the...
     A.) EMT oath.
     B.) code of ethics.
     C.) standard of care.
     D.) scope of practice.
As an EMT, the performance of your duties will be compared to that of...
     A.) another EMT.
     B.) the general public.
     C.) the medical director.
     D.) a paramedic supervisor.
When performing his or her duties, the EMT is generally expected to...
     A.) consistently exceed the standard of care.
     B.) contact medical control on every EMS call.
     C.) function above his or her scope of practice.
     D.) exercise reasonable care and act prudently.
In which of the following situations does the EMT NOT have a legal duty to act?
     A.) a response to the residence of a patient who fell
     B.) a response to a motor vehicle crash while off duty
     C.) a response to an injured patient while off duty
     D.) Local policy requires you to assist in any emergency.
Which of the following MOST accurately defines negligence?
     A.) transport of a mentally incompetent patient against his or her will
     B.) deviation from the standard of care that may result in further injury
     C.) transferring patient care to a provider with a lower level of training
     D.) providing care that is consistent with care provided by other EMTs
Which of the following components are needed to prove negligence?
     A.) abandonment, breach of duty, damages, and causation
     B.) duty to act, abandonment, breach of duty, and causation
     C.) duty to act, breach of duty, injury/damages, and causation
     D.) breach of duty, injury/damages, abandonment, and causation
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts abandonment?
     A.) A paramedic transfers patient care to an EMT.
     B.) An AEMT transfers patient care to a paramedic.
     C.) A physician assumes patient care from an EMT.
     D.) An EMT gives a verbal report to an emergency room nurse.
An EMT would MOST likely be held liable for abandonment if he or she...
     A.) refused to care for a violent patient who is armed with a knife.
     B.) remained at the hospital for 30 minutes to give a patient report.
     C.) did not make provisions for continued care of an injured patient.
     D.) terminated care of a competent adult patient at his or her request.
Acting in such a way as to make another person fear immediate bodily harm is called...
     A.) libel.
     B.) assault.
     C.) battery.
     D.) negligence.
Which of the following statements regarding the Good Samaritan law is correct?
     A.) It provides the EMT immunity from a lawsuit.
     B.) It guarantees that the EMT will not be held liable if he or she is sued.
     C.) The law does not protect EMTs who are off duty.
     D.) It will not protect the EMT in cases of gross negligence.
If an action or procedure that was performed on a patient is not recorded on the written report...
     A.) it was not performed in the eyes of the law.
     B.) it can be qualified by the EMT in charge.
     C.) it cannot be used in establishing negligence.
     D.) it was performed haphazardly by the EMT.
In the eyes of the court, an incomplete or untidy patient care form indicates...
     A.) that inadequate patient care was administered.
     B.) potential falsification of the patient care form.
     C.) that thorough documentation was not required.
     D.) that the EMT was too busy providing patient care.
Which of the following situations requires you to notify the appropriate authorities?
     A.) cardiac arrest
     B.) drug overdose
     C.) attempted suicide
     D.) accidental knife wound
You and your partner are the first to arrive at a potential crime scene with a critically injured patient involved. The scene is safe. Your first priority is to...
     A.) notify medical control for advice.
     B.) provide immediate patient care.
     C.) wait for law enforcement to arrive.
     D.) determine why the patient was injured.
Maintaining the chain of evidence at the scene of a crime should include...
     A.) quickly moving any weapons out of the patient’s sight.
     B.) placing the patient in a private area until the police arrive.
     C.) making brief notes at the scene and then completing them later.
     D.) not cutting through holes in clothing that were caused by weapons.

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