madamj2004's version from 2016-03-22 13:48


Question Answer
Severe pain of rapid onset in a red swollen joint--usually involves one joint-- usually at nightgout
Acute inflammation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (base of big toe) usually the first sign of disordergout
Symmetrical involvement—swan neck deformities--- am swelling—warmth—redness—usually involve small joints--acute Rheumatoid Arthritis (inflammatory)
Another name for Degenerative Joint Disease Osteoarthritis
Painless joints—metacarpophalangeal joints not involved—bony swelling—pm stiffness-- Asymmetric involvement--chronic osteoarthritis (non-inflammatory)
Describe extra-articular symptoms (eg, fever, rash, chills, plaques, mucosal ulcers, conjunctivitis, uveitis, murmur, purpura)
Heberens node seen with witch type of arthritis Osteoarthritis
Ropelike bundles of collagen fibrils that connect bone to bone Ligaments
Give example of hinge jointInterphalangeal joints of hand and foot; elbow
Give example of condylar jointKnee; temporo-mandibular joint
Give example of spheroidal jointshoulder and hip
Another name of ball and socketspheroidal
Collagen fibers connecting muscle to boneTendons
Collagen matrix overlying bony surfacesCartilage
Synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid that _________ joint movementlubricates
Pouches of synovial fluid that cushion the movement of tendons and muscles over bone or other joint structures Bursae
Joint is freely movable--Bones are covered by articular cartilage --Bones are separated by Synovial joint
Example of synovial jointshoulder and knee
Spheroidal, Hinge and Condylar joint types fall under which joint categorySynovial joint
Joint is slightly movable--Bones separated by fibrocartilaginous discs--Discs contain nucleus pulposus that cushions bony movementCartilaginous joint
Example of Cartilaginous joint vertebral bodies of the spine
Joints have no appreciable movement--Bones separated by fibrous tissue or cartilage Fibrous joint
Example of Fibrous jointsutures of the skull
Main two type of Joint structuresArticular and Extra Articular
The type of joint structure that consist of joint capsule and articular cartilage, synovium and synovial fluid, intra-articular ligaments, and juxta-articular boneArticular structures
The type of joint structure that include periarticular ligaments, tendons, bursae, muscle, fascia, bone, nerve, and overlying skin Extra articular structures

Musculoskeletal Assessment

Question Answer
Decreased sensation in the median nerve distribution characterizeCarpal tunnel syndrome
Most sensitive Carpal tunnel syndromeWeak abduction of the thumb
How to assess TMJPlace the tip of your index finger just in front of the tragus of each ear and ask patient to open his or her mouth. The fingers should drop into the joint spaces as the mouth opens.
What condition can cause TMJ problemstrauma, arthritis and inflammation
If facial asymmetry is seen what need assessmentrule out TMJ syndrome
What condition is present with positive lpsilateral calf wasting and weak ankle dorsiflexion, usually related to disc herniationsciatica
Another name for tennis elbowlateral (outside of elbow) epicondylitis / increase pain when wrist is extended against resistance
Another name for pitcher or golfers elbowmedial(inside of elbow)epicondylitis / increase pain when flexed against resistance
A positive drop arm testpositive rotator cuff tear
What are the six motions of the shoulder griddleFlexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and internal and external rotation
Give shoulder examination maneuvers Acromioclavicular joint--Subacromial and subdeltoid bursae--Overall shoulder rotation (Apley scratch test)--Rotator cuff
Enhanced thoracic curveKyphosis
Pronounced lumbar curve (common in obese and pregnant)Lordosis
Lateral curvature of thoracic and lumbar segments of the spine. Usually with some rotation of involved vertebral bodiesScoliosis

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