Chapter 15

Updated 2009-03-11 23:58

Section One: People

Cesare Maccarian Italian painter
Giuseppe Verdia musician; people adopted his music as a rally cry
Giuseppe Mazziniproponent of Risorgimento; founded Young Italy; led a revolution in Sicily in January 1848
Charles AlbertKing of the Kingdom of Sardinia
Pope Pius IXsuddenly withdrew troops from Austria stating that he could not fight another catholic nation.
Victor Emmanuel IICharles Albert's son. Became king of Sardinia in 1849
Count Camillo di CavourVictor Emmanuel's advisor. Encouraged Victor Emmanuel to keep fighting Austrians; forced Austria to declare war against Sardinia.
Napolean IIIsecretly met with Cavour. Agreed if Sardinia found itself at war with Austria then France would help.
Ferdinand IIruler of hte Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
Giuseppe Garibaldimilitary commander. Joined Young Italy at a young age. Seized control of Italy with his "red shirts." Exiled after participating in the Revolution of 1830.
Francis JosephEmperor of Austria. Made a deal with Napolean in June 1859.

Section One: Events

Question Answer
Meeting at Teano(October 26, 1860) this is where Guiseppe Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel II met
Crimean Warwar between France, Great Britain, and Russia. Russia lost.
SolferinoCombined forces of France and Sardinia defeated the Austrians in June 1859
Magenta(June 4, 1859) place where French and Austrian forces fought
Napoleanic Warsstimluated the desire for economic growth

Section One: Terms

Question Answer
Nationalismdesire for national independence
Constitutional monarchy of Italystate in which a monarch's power is limited by a constitution
Nation-statepolitical organization consisting of one nationality rather than several
Risorgimentomovement for Italian unity
Red ShirtsGiuseppe Garibaldi's army
"Italy is Made. All is safe"Count Cavour's last words
Bourbon Monarchyruled the Kingdom of Two Sicilies
Guerilla Warfaremethod of warfare using hit-and-run tactics
National UnityItaly was a new nation but were still culturally and economically divided

Section One: Places

Question Answer
Papal StatesPope controlled these
Castelfidardobattle fought here on September 18, 1860, it was a small town in the Marche region of Italy
Young Italysecret society founded 1831
SardiniaKing Charles Albert ruled here
Kingdom of the Two SiciliesFrench Bourbon monarch ruled this
NapelsNationalists pressured the ruler to send troops against the Austrians
LombardyAustira controlled
VenetiaAustria controlled
Tuscanya region in north-central Italy, known for its picturesque villages and vineyards
Modenawhere people overthrew their rulers in late 1859 and early 1860
Romenationalists proclaimed this a republic and summoned Mazzini to the capital to head the government
GenoaMazzini was a ntive from here
Parmawhere people overthrew their rulers in late 1859 and early 1860
Nothern Italyhighly urbanized and industrialized region
Plombieres-les-Bainswhere Cavour met secretly with Napoleon III

Section 2: "The Unification of Germany" - People

Question Answer
William I1861 became king of Prussia; he was opposed to liberal ideas and believed in a strong military
Klaus von Erlachan aristocrat and was impressed by Bismarck
Otto von Bismarcknew prime minister to Germany. He was a junker and served in the Prussian assembly and was an ambassador to Russia and France
Christian IXking who proclaimed Schleswig a Danish province
Conservativesrepublicans, didn't like change
Duke of Augustenbergclaimed Schleswig and Holstein
Swabiansa political and religious group
WestpahliansAlso a political nad religious group; considered as foreigners
Bavariansregarded Prussia as archrivals
Queen IsabellaQueen of Spain. Was deposed by the Revolution of 1868
Leopold of Hohenzollernoffered the throne of Spain and was the Catholic cousin of William I of Prussia.
Prince Frederickcrowned prince of Prussia; was a liberal and a supporter of reform.

Section 2 "The Unification of Germany" - Events

Question Answer
Congress of Viennacreated the German confederation in 1815 as a buffer against possible future French expansion
German ConfederationLoosely tied together the numerous German states with a diet.
Frankfurt Assemblydelegates met here to unite the country under a liberal constitution
Seven Weeks Warwar between Austria and Prussia that began on June 15, 1866
Ems Dispatchtelegram that Bismarck reworded and released to the press in France and Prussia
Franco-Prussian Wara war between France and Prussia

Section 2 "The Unification of Germany" - Terms

Question Answer
Dietan assembly
JunkersInfluential aristocratic landowners
Liberal Constitutionallowed conservatives to regain control
Zollvereineconomic union which was formed in 1834
Realpolitikright of the nation state to persue its own advantae by any means, including war and repudiation of treaties
Kaisertitle of Emperor
Chancellorchief minister
Prussian Assemblya gathering of liberal deputies
Compensationsdamages were paid for by other countries