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Chapter 14 ADJ 107

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blueghost's version from 2017-05-05 21:50

Section

Question Answer
ancient punishmentsbanishment, mutilation, branding, flogging, burning alive, slow death; sadistic torture was common
Pennsylvania system based on solitary confinement in silence, not corporal punishment
Auburn systemallowed inmates to work silently together during the day and isolated at night; worked and/or provide for the prison--> lower cost
general deterrence uses the concept of handing down harsh punishment to persuade other society members from committing similar crimes
specific deterrenceattempts to make an example of an individual for committing additional crimes or not complying with court orders
incapacitationmost common method of punishment in America, use imprisonment to reduce opportunity to commit offenses
rehabilitationgoal is to change an offender's behaviour to become a law-abiding citizen
diversionprimarily used for nonviolent offenders; judges may mandate an indiv complete community service or attend treatments
consecutive sentenceupon completion of one sentence, another term of incarceration is given
determinate sentencinginvolves a fixed term of incarceration, which depending on the state, may be reduced by good time
Furman v. Georgiathe court held that death penalty statue could result in arbitrary sentencing and therefore was a violation of the 18th amendment; 1972 case in a specific state
Gregg v. Georgiacourt reaffirmed the us supreme court's acceptance of the use of the death penalty in the US
Roper v. Simmonscourt found executing individuals under the age of 18 was considered unconst and a violation of the 18th amend
methods of capital punishmenthanging, lethal injection, gas chamber, electric chair, firing squad
average number of years an individual is on death rowabout 13 years
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO)allowed for a broader range of forfeitures involved in illegal conspiracies
boot campsusually for youthful first-time offenders; military discipline and physical training; last about 90-180 days
probationconditional release of a convicted offender in to the community under the supervision of an officer prior to incarceration
probation is given to ___ adults throught the USmore than 4 million
paroleconditional release of a prisoner prior to completeion of the imposed sentence
first legislation authorizing parole in the US wasin MA in 1837
indeterminate sentencinginvolves the judge setting a maximum length and a minimum length within limits set by statute, and a parole board then determines the actual time of release.
revengeearliest form of punishment; based on concept of vengeance
deterrence theorysuggest punishment should outweight the benefits of criminality
memorize

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